Ph.D. Minors

Complex Systems

Ph.D. students inside the School may obtain a minor in Complex Systems by completing nine credit hours of course work from courses listed 500 and above. The course prescription for the minor must be approved by the Director of Graduate Programs under recommendation from the student’s advisor. The average grade point for the minor must be at least a B (3.0) or above, and no course grade below a B- (2.7) is counted toward the minor.

To be used for graduate credit, 300 and 400 level courses must receive prior approval by the University Graduate School. See the University Graduate School Academic Bulletin for more details.


Both I609 and I709 are required. The student may choose among the remaining courses to obtain the degree. In consultation with both the Area Director and advisor, additional classes can be counted toward the degree.

  • I609 Advanced Ph.D. Seminar in Complex Systems I (3 cr.)
  • I709 Advanced Ph.D. Seminar in Complex Systems II (3 cr.)
  • I585 Biologically-inspired Computing (3 cr.)
  • I586 Artificial Life as an Approach to Artificial Intelligence (3 cr.)
  • I601 Introduction to Complex Systems (3 cr.)
  • I690 Mathematical Methods for Complex Systems (3 cr.)

Academic Bulletins

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