### School of Sciences

#### General Studies Degree Program

##### Science, Mathematics, and Informatics Courses Undergraduate

P = prerequisite R = recommended C = co-requisite * = lab fee

##### Anatomy

- ANAT-A 215 Basic Human Anatomy (5 cr.) Fall, Spring. Structure of cells, tissues, organs, and systems and their relationship to function.*

##### Astronomy

- AST-A 100 The Solar System (3 cr.) Celestial sphere and constellations, measurement of time, astronomical instruments, earth as a planet, the moon, eclipses, planets and their satellites, comets, meteors, theories of origin of solar system.

- AST-A 110 Introduction to Astronomy (3 cr.) Spring. This course presents a survey of modern astronomy including planetary science, stellar and galactic astrophysics and cosmology.

##### Biology

- BIOL-L 391 Special Topics in Biology (3 cr.) Study and analysis of selected biological issues and problems. Topics vary from semester to semester.

- BIOL-L 498 Internship in Professional Practice (1-6 cr.) Designed to provide opportunities for students to receive credit for career-related, full-time work. Evaluation by employer and departmental chairperson. Course credit may count as elective hours in the Biology B.A./B.S. and Biological and Physical Sciences B.A./B.S. degree requirements.

- BIOL-L 100 Humans and the Biological World (5 cr.) Fall, Spring. Principles of biological organization, from molecules through cells and organisms, with special reference given to humans. Credit given for only one 100-level biology course. For non-majors.*

- BIOL-L 105 Introduction to Biology (5 cr.) Fall, Spring. Integrated picture of manner in which organisms at diverse levels of organization meet most problems in maintaining and propagating life. Credit given for only one 100-level biology course.* (P: high school or college chemistry)

- BIOL-L 203 Evolution and Diversity of Life (3 cr.) To provide an understanding and overview over the concept of evolution and how it shaped the diversity of life. (P: BIOL-L105)

- BIOL-L 211 Molecular Biology (3 cr.) Spring. Introduction to molecular biology, including mechanisms and regulation of gene expression as well as mechanisms of mutation, repair, and recombination of DNA. (P: BIOL-L105, C: BIOL-L213)

- BIOL-L 213 Molecular Biology Laboratory (2 cr.) Spring Accompanying laboratory for L 211. Introduction to basic techniques in molecular biology.* (C: BIOL-L211)

- BIOL-L 270 Humans and Microorganisms (3 cr.) Alternate years. Beneficial and harmful activities of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses. Production of fermented foods, food poisoning and foodborne infections. Introduction to epidemiology, microbial diseases, antibiotics and immunization. Water and wastewater microbiology and waterborne infections.

- BIOL-L 321 Principles of Immunology (3 cr.) Alternate years. An introduction to the basic principles of immunology and its applications. Topics covered include the inflammatory response, complement, cell-mediated and humoral immunity, cell interactions, genetics of the immune response, immunization and immunological methods. (P: BIOL-L105, CHEM-C101 or CHEM-C105)

- BIOL-L 329 Proteins and Enzymes (3 - 5 cr.) This course focuses on protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics and mechanisms. Topics in bioinformatics are covered. The laboratory studies methods to isolate, purify, and identify enzymes and proteins. Determination of enzyme kinetics.

- BIOL-L 336 Evolutionary Medicine (3 cr.) An introduction and overview of the evolutionary perspectives of health and disease, with emphasis on human diseases. (P: BIOL-L 100 or BIOL-L 105 or permission of the instructor.)

- BIOL-L 345 Vertebrate Biology (3 cr.) Alternate years. A general overview of the biology of vertebrate animals including aspects of their evolutionary history, taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior and natural history. (P: BIOL-L 105.)

- BIOL-L 350 Environmental Biology (3 cr.)
Not open to biology majors. Interactions of human beings with other elements of the biosphere with emphasis on population, community, and ecosystem levels of ecology. (P: Junior or Senior standing)

- BIOL-L 364 Principles of Genetics (3 cr.) Alternate years. Analysis of genetic mechanisms and processes, recombination, genetic interaction, gene regulation, biotechnological applications, genomics, cancer genetics and evolution. (P: BIOL-L 105, BIOL-L 367 or MICR-M 310.)

- BIOL-L 367 Cell Physiology (3 cr.) Alternate years. Introduction to biochemical structure and metabolic activities of plant, animal, and microbial cells; physiology of membranes; locomotion and response; growth, division, and differentiation of cells. (P: an introductory biology and general chemistry course. R: organic chemistry.)

- BIOL-L 379 Principles of Ornithology (3 cr.) Summer This course will cover bird evolution, taxonomy, biology, ecology and behavior with emphasis on Indiana birds. (P: One introductory biology course or permission of the instructor.)

- BIOL-L 403 Biology Seminar (3 cr.) Alternate years. A seminar course concerned with current topics and issues in the biological sciences. (P: junior or senior standing.)

- BIOL-L 473 Ecology (3 cr.) Alternate years. Major concepts of ecology for science majors; relation of individual organisms to their environment, population ecology, and structure and function of ecosystems. (P: 8 hours of biology. R: BIOL-L105 and BIOL-L 364.)

- BIOL-L 474 Laboratory in Ecology (2 cr.) Introduction to research problems and techniques in the ecology of individuals, populations, and ecosystems.* (C: BIOL-L 473.)

- BIOL-L 490 Individual Study (1-12 cr.) Arr. Must complete a written assignment as evidence of each semester’s work. Must present oral report to complete more than 6 credit hours. (P: overall GPA of 2.5 or above; must have written consent of faculty member supervising research.)

##### Chemistry

- CHEM-Y 398 Professional Practice in Chemistry (1-6 cr.) Designed to provide opportunities for students to receive credit for career-related, full-time work.

- CHEM-C 410 Principles of Chemical Instrumentation (2-4 cr.) Modern methods of instrumental analysis, including spectroscopy, chromatography, and electrochemistry. (P: CHEM-C 310/311)

- CHEM-C 100 The World of Chemistry (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. For students requiring only one semester of chemistry. Descriptive course, including inorganic, organic, and biological chemistry, with illustrations of scientific reasoning. May be taken concurrently with the laboratory, CHEM-C 120. Credit given for only one of the following: CHEM-C 100, CHEM-C 101, or CHEM-C 105.

- CHEM-C 101 Elementary Chemistry I (3 cr.) Fall. Introduction to chemistry. Usually taken concurrently with CHEM-C 121. The two sequences, CHEM-C 101-C121 and CHEM-C 102-C122, usually satisfy programs that require only two semesters of chemistry. Admission to advanced courses on basis of CHEM-C 101, 121, 102, 122 granted only in exceptional cases. May be taken without credit in preparation for CHEM-C 105. Credit given for only one of the following: CHEM-C 100, 101, or 105.

- CHEM-C 102 Elementary Chemistry II (3 cr.) Spring. Continuation of CHEM-C 101. Usually taken concurrently with CHEM-C 122. The chemistry of organic compounds and their reactions, followed by an extensive introduction to biochemistry. Credit not given for both CHEM-C 102 and CHEM-C 106. (P: CHEM-C 101.)

- CHEM-C 105 Principles of Chemistry I (3 cr.) Fall. Basic principles, including stoichiometry, thermochemistry, atomic and molecular structure, gases, solutions, and selected topics in descriptive chemistry. Credit given for only one of the following, CHEM-C 100, CHEM-C 101, or CHEM-C 105-125. (P: two years of high school algebra or MATH-M 125, which may be taken concurrently; one year of high school chemistry. C: CHEM-C 125.)

- CHEM-C 106 Principles of Chemistry II (3 cr.) Spring. Chemical equilibrium with emphasis on acids, bases, solubility and electrochemistry, elementary thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, and selected topics in descriptive chemistry. Credit not given for both CHEM-C 102, and CHEM-C 106-C126. (P: CHEM-C 125. C: CHEM-C 126)

- CHEM-C 109 Introductory Chemistry for Health and Nursing Sciences (3 cr.) Designed for students with no prior chemistry background. Students will learn the role of chemistry in physiological, health, and nursing applications.

- CHEM-C 120 Chemistry Laboratory (2 cr.) Fall, Spring. For non-majors. An introduction to techniques and reasoning of experimental chemistry. Experiments and projects illustrate topics studied in CHEM-C 100. Credit given for only one of the following: CHEM-C 120, 121 or 125*. (P or C: CHEM-C 100.)

- CHEM-C 121 Elementary Chemistry Laboratory (2 cr.) Fall. An introduction to the techniques and reasoning of experimental chemistry. Credit not given for both CHEM-C 121 and 125.* (P or C: CHEM-C 101.)

- CHEM-C 122 Elementary Chemistry Laboratory II (2 cr.) Spring. Continuation of CHEM-C 121. Emphasis on organic and biochemical experimental techniques. Credit not given for both CHEM-C 122 and 126.* (P: CHEM-C 101, 121. P or C: CHEM-C 102.)

- CHEM-C 125 Experimental Chemistry I (2 cr.) Fall. Introduction to laboratory experimentation, with particular emphasis on the collection and use of experimental data, some properties of solutions, stoichiometry, thermochemistry, and synthesis. Credit given for only one of the following: CHEM-C 121, or 125.* (C: CHEM-C 105.)

- CHEM-C 126 Experimental Chemistry II (2 cr.) Spring. A continuation of CHEM-C 125 with emphasis on equilibria; qualitative analysis; acids and bases; oxidation-reduction reactions including electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and synthesis. Credit given for only one of the following: CHEM-C 126, or 122.* (P: CHEM-C 125. C: CHEM-C 106.)

- CHEM-C 210 Introduction to Quantitative Analytical Chemistry (3 cr.) Fall. Introduction to the theory and practice of non-instrumental quantitative/qualitative analytical chemistry, including sample selection and preparation and methods of data analysis. Emphasis will be placed on the theory of titrimetric and gravimetric techniques. (P: CHEM-C 106, 126. C: CHEM-C 211.)

- CHEM-C 211 Introduction to Quantitative and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (2 cr.) Fall. Laboratory instruction in the fundamental analytical techniques discussed in CHEM-C 210.* (P: CHEM-C 126. C: CHEM-C 210.)

- CHEM-C 300 Energy and Green Chemistry - A Natural Science Perspective (3-4 cr.) An introduction to topics in existing and potential renewable sources of energy, including hydroelectric, geothermal, tidal, wind and solar energy.

- CHEM-C 310 Analytical Chemistry (3 cr.) Spring. Fundamental analytical processes including solution equilibria, theory and applications of electrochemistry and spectrophotometry, and chemical methods of separation. (P: CHEM C-106.)

- CHEM-C 311 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (2 cr.) Spring. Laboratory instruction in the fundamental analytical techniques discussed in CHEM-C 310.* (C: CHEM-C 310.)

- CHEM-C 329 Proteins and Enzymes (3 - 5 cr.) This course focuses on protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics and mechanisms. Topics in bioinformatics are covered. The laboratory studies methods to isolate, purify, and identify enzymes and proteins. Determination of enzyme kinetics.

- CHEM-C 341 Organic Chemistry I: Lecture (3 cr.) Fall. Chemistry of carbon compounds; nomenclature; qualitative theory of valence; structure and reactions. Syntheses and reactions of major classes and monofunctional compounds. (P: CHEM-C 106. C: CHEM-C 343 or consent of chemistry undergraduate advisor.)

- CHEM-C 342 Organic Chemistry II: Lecture (3 cr.) Spring. Syntheses and reactions of polyfunctional compounds, natural and industrial products, physical and chemical methods of identification. (P: CHEM-C 343. C: CHEM-C 344 or consent of instructor.)

- CHEM-C 343 Organic Chemistry I: Laboratory (2 cr.) Fall. Laboratory instruction in the fundamental techniques of organic chemistry and the use of general synthetic methods.* (C: CHEM-C 341.)

- CHEM-C 344 Organic Chemistry II: Laboratory (2 cr.) Spring. Preparation, isolation, and identification of organic compounds. Emphasis on modern research methods.* (P: CHEM-C 343. C: CHEM-C 342.)

- CHEM-C 361 Physical Chemistry I (3 cr.) Fall. Alternate years. Chemical thermodynamics and kinetics, introduction to statistical thermodynamics. (P: CHEM-C 106, PHYS-P 202, MATH-M 216.)

- CHEM-C 362 Physical Chemistry II (3 cr.) Introduction to quantum mechanics. Structure and spectra of atoms, molecules, and solids. (P: CHEM-C 361.)

- CHEM-C 390 Environmental Science (3 cr.) Spring. For non-majors. Exploration of the complex interrelationships among the physical, chemical, biological, cultural, economic, and political forces that shape the global environment. Note: CHEM-C 390 will not count toward a Bloomington or Kokomo chemistry degree.

- CHEM-C 400 Chemical Information Sources and Services (1 cr.) Techniques for the storage and retrieval of chemical information in both printed and computer-readable formats; sources of chemical information, including Chemical Abstracts; development of search strategies; online searching of chemical databases. (P: CHEM-C 341.)

- CHEM-C 409 Chemical Research (1-3 cr.) For outstanding students. To be elected only after consultation with the faculty research advisor. Cannot be substituted for any course required in the chemistry major. A research thesis is required.

- CHEM-C 430 Inorganic Chemistry (3 cr.) Alternate years. Structure and bonding of inorganic compounds, survey of chemistry of nonmetal and metal elements, coordination compounds, organometallic compounds, mechanisms and reactions. (P: CHEM-C 106. R:CHEM-C 342.)

- CHEM-C 443 Organic Spectroscopy (3 cr.) Elucidation of molecular structures by use of IR, UV, NMR, mass spectroscopy, and other methods.* (P: CHEM-C 344.)

- CHEM-C 483 Biological Chemistry Lecture (3 cr.) Alternate years. Introduction to structure, chemical properties, and interrelationships of biological substances. (P: 18 credit hours of chemistry, including CHEM-C 341.)

- CHEM-C 487 Biochemistry Laboratory (2 cr.) Laboratory instruction in the fundamental techniques of biochemistry, including separation of macromolecules by electrophoresis and chromatography; isolation, purification and analysis of enzymes; recombinant DNA procedures; and polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

- CHEM-C 495 Capstone in Chemistry (1-3 cr.) Independent study, under the supervision of a chemistry faculty member or appropriate academic advisor can be earned by completion of (a) a chemical research project; (b) a library research project in an area of current scientific investigation; (c) a research investigation in industry; or (d) a service activity in university, government, public schools, or other science-related groups or organizations. Students will report the results of their activities in both a formal written report and oral presentation, prepare portfolios of undergraduate work in chemistry, discuss recent scientific literature, and explore chemistry in society. Enrollment in the Capstone in Chemistry requires joint approval of the capstone instructor and the independent project advisor. (P: Senior standing.)

##### Computer Information Systems

- CSCI-C 100 Computing Tools (1 cr.) An introduction to computing applications useful in college work. Microcomputer systems, word processing, spreadsheets, graphics, e-mail and Web browsers are used.

- CSCI-C 106 Introduction to Computers and Their Use (3 cr.) Introduction to computers and data processing. Includes the historical and current status of data processing and electronic digital computers; a survey of computer applications; foundations of computer programming; survey of programming languages; and the fundamentals of a high-level language such as Visual Basic. (P: CSCI-C 100; (for ACCEL sections: P: CSCI-C 100 and sophomore standing.))

##### Geography

- GEOG-G 107 Physical Systems of the Environment (3 cr.) Physical environment as the home of humans, emphasizing the distribution and interaction of environmental variables (landforms, vegetation, soils, and climate). Note: Business majors may count GEOG-G 107 only as a social science.

- GEOG-G 315 Environmental Concervation (3 cr.) Conservation of natural resources including soil, water, wildlife, and forests as interrelated components of the environment, emphasizing an ecological approach. Current problems relating to environmental quality. (R: 3 credit hours of geography or junior standing.)

##### Geology

- GEOL-G 100 General Geology (5 cr.) Broad study of the earth. The earth in the solar system, earth’s atmosphere. Formation and modification of earth materials, landforms, continents and oceans through geologic time.*

- GEOL-G 133 Geology of the United States (5 cr.) Introduction to physical and historical geology with applications to United States geology. Study of the geologic events (and their associated rocks and structures) that have shaped the continent, including mountain building, earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, intercontinental seaways, sedimentary environments, glacial geology and modern processes.*

- GEOL-G 300 Environmental and Urban Geology (3 cr.) Significance of regional and local geologic features and processes in land use. Use of geologic factors to reduce conflict in utilization of mineral and water resources and damage from geologic hazards. (R: GEOL-G 100, GEOL-G 133, or GEOG-G 107)

- GEOL-G 400 Energy: Sources and Needs (3 cr.) Renewable and non-renewable energy resources, their origins, society’s needs and usage, environmental impacts of use and production, and future directions in energy technologies. Also may include study of non-energy resources including metallic and nonmetallic resources.

- GEOL-G 421 United States Geology: Field Experience 1 (5 cr.) A six week lecture/field trip course incorporating a 2 - 3 week field experience in the western United States. Students will explore the geologic events (and their associated rocks and structures) that have shaped the continent, including mountain building, earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, intercontinental seaways, sedimentary environments and glacial geology. Possible destinations include (but are not limited to) the Black Hills, Yellowstone, Grand Tetons, Mt. Rainier, Mt. St. Helens and the Glacier National Park.*

- GEOL-G 440 Professional Practice in Geosciences (1-6 cr.) The course is designed to provide opportunities for students to receive credit for career-related, full-time work. (P: At least 9 credit hours of coursework in geology/physical geography or instructor permission.)

- GEOL-T 312 Geology of Indiana (3 cr.) Study of the physiography and bedrock structure of Indiana, first with topographic and geologic maps, and then with field trips to selected areas. Rock and fossil specimens will be collected for study. (P: GEOL-G 100.)

- GEOL-T 326 Geology of Mineral Resources (3 cr.) Formation of minerals and mineral deposits. Gem materials and metallic and non-metallic economic minerals: occurrence and uses. (P: a course in geology or consent of the instructor.)

##### Informatics

- INFO-I 100 First Year Experience (1 cr.) This course introduces specific survival skills for success in college and beyond, while reconciling personal learning skills with instructor-based teaching styles. Master the art of inquiry and elevate your sense of integrity while sharpening your personal edge by exploring critical thinking, project managements and current/future job market trends. Required by all Informatics and new media majors.

- INFO-I 101 Introduction to Informatics (4 cr.) Problem solving with information technology; introductions to information representation, relational databases, system design, propositional logic, cutting-edge technologies: CPU, operation systems, networks; laboratory emphasizing information technology including Web page design, word processing databases, using tools available on campus. (P: Computer literacy.)

- INFO-I 201 Mathematical Foundations of Informatics (4 cr.) An introduction to methods of analytical, abstract and critical thinking, deductive reasoning, and logical and mathematical tools used in information sciences. The topics include propositional and predicate logic, natural deduction proof system, sets, functions and relations, proof methods in mathematics, mathematical induction, and graph theory. Credit given for either INFO-I 201 or COGS-Q 250. P: INFO-I 101 and MATH-M 118.)

- INFO-I 202 Social Informatics (3 cr.) Introduction to key social research perspectives and literatures on the use of information and communication technologies. Discusses current topics such as information ethics, relevant legal frameworks, popular and controversial uses of technology (e.g., peer-to-peer file sharing), digital divides, etc. Outlines research methodologies for social informatics. (P: INFO-I 101.)

- INFO-I 210 Information Infrastructure I (4 cr.) The software architecture of information systems. Basic concepts of systems and applications programming. Cross listed with CSCI-C 297. Credit given for only one of the following: INFO-I 210, CSCI-N 331 (IUPUI), CSCI-C 297 or CSCI-A 201 (IUB). (Recommended prerequisite or concurrent: INFO-I 101.)

- INFO-I 211 Information Infrastructure II (4 cr.) The systems architecture of distributed applications. Advanced programming, including an introduction to the programming of graphical systems. Cross listed with CSCI-C 309. Credit given for only one of the following: INFO-I 211, CSCI-N 345 (IUPUI), CSCI-A 202 (IUB), or CSCI-C 212 (IUB). (P: INFO-I 210.)

- INFO-I 213 Web Site Design and Development (3 cr.) Introduction to web design and development covering high-level concepts in addition to hands-on activities. Topics include: internet infrastructure, client-side technologies, embedded media, page design, site design, visibility and others. Technologies covered include: XHTML, JAVA script and cascading style sheets. This course runs concurrently with NMCM-N 213.

- INFO-I 300 Human Computer Interaction (3 cr.) The analysis of human factors and the design of computer application interfaces. A survey of current HCI designs with an eye toward what future technologies will allow. The course will emphasize learning HCI based on implementation and testing interfaces.

- INFO-I 303 Organizational Informatics (3 cr.) Examines the various needs, uses, and consequences of information in organizational contexts. Topics include organizational types and characteristics, functional areas and business processes, information-based products and services, the use of and redefining role of information technology, the changing character of work life and organizational practices, sociotechnical structures, and the rise and transformation of information-based industries. (P: INFO-I 101.)

- INFO-I 308 Informatics Representation (3 cr.) The basic structure of information representation in digital information systems. Begins with low-level computer representations such as common character and numeric encodings. Introduces formal design and query languages through Entity Relationship Modeling, the Relational Model, XML, and XHTML. Laboratory topics include SQL and XPath querying. (P: INFO-I 101, INFO-I 201, and INFO-I 210.)

- INFO-I 310 Multimedia Arts and Technology (3 cr.) The study of the evolution of media arts and underlying principles of communication. Application development paradigms in current practice.

- INFO-I 356 Globalization: Where we fit in (3 cr.) Globalization, increasingly enabled by information technology, changes how we work, what we buy and who we know. Learn about the past, present, and future of globalization from an information technology perspective, and what it means for you, your career, and your community.

- INFO-I 399 Current Topics in Informatics (1 - 3 cr.) Emphasis is on new developments and research in informatics. For example issues such as bioinformatics and medical informatics would be explored.

- INFO-I 400 Topics in Informatics (1 - 3 cr.) Variable topic. Emphasis on new developments and research in informatics.

- INFO-I 450 Systems Design and Development (3 cr.) Students work on capstone projects in supervised teams. They select an appropriate project (preferably based on cognate), then learn to develop a plan that leads to success. Teamwork, communication, and organizational skills are emphasized in a real-world-style environment. (P: Approval of the dean and completion of required core informatics courses.)

- INFO-I 460 Senior Thesis (3 cr.) The senior student prepares and presents a thesis: a substantial, typically multi-chapter paper based on a well-planned research or scholarly project, as determined by the student and a sponsoring faculty member. (P: Senior standing and approval of the dean.)

- INFO-I 490 Internship in Informatics Professional Practice (1-3 cr.) Students gain professional work experience in an industry or research organization setting using skills and knowledge acquired in informatics course work. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 cr. hours. S/F grading. (P: Approval and completion of 100- and 200-level requirements in Informatics.)

##### Mathematics

- MATH-K 310 Statistical Techniques (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Introduction to probability and statistics; elementary probability theory, conditional probability, independence, random variables, discrete and continuous probability distributions, measurement of central tendency and dispersion. Concepts of statistical inference and decision: estimation, hypothesis testing, Bayesian inference, statistical decision theory. Special topics discussed may include regression and correlation, time series, analysis of variance, nonparametric methods. Credit given for only one of the following: PSY-K 300, ECON-E 270, MATH-K 310 or STAT 301. (P: MATH-M 125 or MATH-M 118 or MA 153)

- MATH-M 002 College Math Readiness Program (0 cr.) Students will review and strengthen the prealgebra and algebra skills necessary for success in college mathematics classes (MATH-M 007, MATH-M 117, MATH-M 104, MATH-M 105, MATH-M 125, MATH-M 118, MATH-M 133, MATH-M 134) (P: Mathematics placement exam and authorization by advisor.)

- MATH-M 003 Mathematics Laboratory (0 cr.) Mathematics Laboratory to accompany algebra courses. (C: MATH-M 007, MATH-M 117, MATH-M 104, or MATH-M 105.)

- MATH-M 007 Elementary Algebra (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Signed numbers, operations with polynomials, solving equations, factoring, introduction to graphing, fractional and radical expressions. Not open to students who have had MATH-M104. Credit may not be applied toward any degree.

- MATH-M 104 Foundations of College Algebra (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Students will develop critical problem solving skills, acquire an understanding of the core concept of functions and learn appropriate technology skills while strengthening their mastery of linear equations and inequalities, systems of linear equations, polynomial operations and graphing techniques for linear equations. (P: Mathematics placement exam.)

- MATH-M 105 College Algebra (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Students will deepen their understanding of functions, acquire non-linear problem solving skills and develop the algebraic skills necessary for precalculus and general education mathematics courses: factoring; quadratic, polynomial, rational and radical equations and applications; and operations with rational expressions, radicals, and rational exponents. (P: Math-M 104 OR Mathematics placement exam.)

- MATH-M 117 Intermediate Algebra (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Factoring, rational expressions, fractional exponents, radicals, quadratic equations, and functions. Does not count toward the arts and sciences divisional distribution requirements. (P: MATH-M 007 or equivalent. R: C- or above in MATH-M 007.)

- MATH-M 118 Finite Mathematics (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Set theory, linear systems, matrices and determinants, probability, linear programming. Applications to problems from business and the social sciences. (P: two years of high school algebra or MATH-M 117. R: a grade of C- or better in MATH-M 117 or equivalent.)

- MATH-M 119 Brief Survey of Calculus I (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Introduction to calculus. Primarily for students in the social sciences. Not open to those who have had MATH-M 211 or MATH-M 215. Credit not given for both MATH-M 215 and MATH-M 119. (P: two years of high school algebra or MATH-M 125 or equivalent. R: a grade of C- or better in MATH-M 125 or equivalent.)

- MATH-M 120 Brief Survey of Calculus II (3 cr.) Spring. A continuation of MATH-M 119, covering topics in elementary differential equations, calculus of functions of several variables and infinite series. Intended for non-physical science students. Credit not given for both MATH-M 216 and MATH-M 120. Knowledge of trigonometry required. (P: MATH-M 119. R: a grade of C- or above in MATH-M 119.)

- MATH-M 125 Precalculus Mathematics (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Designed to prepare students for calculus. Algebraic operations, polynomials, functions and their graphs, conic sections, linear systems of equations. Does not count toward the arts and science divisional distribution requirements. (P: MATH-M 117. R: a grade of C- or better in MATH-M 117 or equivalent.)

- MATH-M 126 Trigonometric Functions (3 cr.) Spring. Designed to develop the properties of the trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions and to prepare for courses in calculus (MATH-M 211 or MATH-M 215). P: MATH-M 125.)

- MATH-M 133 Topics in Probability and Statistics (2 cr.) Topics in set theory, probability, descriptive statistics, binomial and normal distributions, and confidence intervals. (P: MATH-M 117 or equivalent)

- MATH-M 134 Topics in Mathematics (2 cr.) Variable topics in mathematics such as graph theory, logic, mathematics of personal finance, mathematics in music and art, modeling using regression, matrices and Markov chains, geometry, governmental mathematics, game theory and linear programming. (P: MATH-M 117 or equivalent)

- MATH-M 215/216 Calculus I-II (5-5 cr.)
Fall, Spring. Coordinates, functions, straight line, limits, continuity, derivative and definite integral, applications, circles, conics, techniques of integration, infinite series. MATH-M 215 not open to those who have had MATH-M 119 or MATH-M 211. A student cannot receive credit for both MATH-M 215, MATH-M 119 and MATH-M 215, MATH-M 211 and MATH-M 215, MATH-M 120 and MATH-M 216 or MATH-M 212 and MATH-M 216. (P: two years of high school algebra and trigonometry, or both MATH-M 125 and MATH-M 126.)

- MATH-M 303 Linear Algebra for Undergraduates (3 cr.) Introduction to theory of real and complex vector spaces. Coordinate systems, linear dependence, bases. Linear transformations and matrix calculus. Determinants and rank. Credit not given for both MATH-M 301 and MATH-M 303. (P: MATH-M 216 or consent of instructor.)

- MATH-M 311 Calculus III (4 cr.) Elementary geometry of 2, 3, and n-space; functions of several variables; partial differentiation; minimum and maximum problems; and multiple integration. (P: MATH-M 216 or consent of instructor.)

- MATH-M 313 Elementary Differential Equations with Applications (3 cr.) Ordinary differential equations of first order and linear equations of higher order with applications, series solutions, operational methods, Laplace transforms, and numerical techniques. A student may not receive credit for both MATH-M 313 and 343. (P: MATH-M 216 or consent of instructor.)

- MATH-M 347 Discrete Mathematics (3 cr.) Injective and surjective functions; inverse functions; composition; reflexive, symmetric, and transitive relations; equivalence relations; sets including complements, products, and power sets; cardinality; introductory logic including truth tables and quantification; elementary techniques of proof including induction and recursion; counting techniques; graphs and trees; discrete probability. (P: MATH-M 212 or MATH-M 216.)

- MATH-M 360 Elements of Probability (3 cr.) Introduction to mathematical theory of probability. Probability models, combinatorial problems, conditional probability and independence, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, repeated Bernoulli trials, gambler’s ruin problems, moments, moment generating functions, law of large numbers, central limit theorem, and applications. (P: MATH-M 216. C: MATH-M 311.)

- MATH-M 366 Elements of Statistical Inference (3 cr.) Sampling distributions (Chi square, t and F distributions), order statistical decisions, and inference. Hypothesis-testing concepts, Neyman-Pearson Lemma, likelihood ratio tests, power of tests. Point estimation, method of moments, maximum likelihood, Cramer-Rao bound, properties of estimators. Interval estimation, applications. Regression, correlation, analysis of variance, nonparametric methods. (P: MATH-M 360.)

- MATH-M 403 Introduction to Modern Algebra I (3 cr.) Study of groups, rings, fields (usually including Galois theory), with applications to linear transformations. (P: MATH-M 301 or MATH-M 303.)

- MATH-M 413 Introduction to Analysis I (3 cr.) Modern theory of real number system, limits, functions, sequences and series, Riemann-Stieltjes integral, and special topics. (P: MATH-M 301 or MATH-M 303, and MATH-M 311, or consent of instructor.)

- MATH-M 415 Elementary Complex Variables with Applications (3 cr.) Algebra and geometry of complex numbers, elementary functions of a complex variable, power series, integrations, calculus of residues, conformal mapping. Application to physics. (P: MATH-M 311.)

- MATH-M 447 Mathematical Models and Applications I (3 cr.) Formation and study of mathematical models used in the biological, social, and management sciences. Mathematical topics include games, graphs, Markov and Poisson processes, mathematical programming, queues, and equations of growth. Suitable for secondary school teachers. (P: MATH-M 301 or MATH-M 303, MATH-M 311, and MATH-M 360, which may be taken concurrently, or with consent of instructor.)

- MATH-M 471 Numerical Analysis I (3 cr.) Interpolation and approximation of functions, numerical integration and differentiation, solution of nonlinear equations, acceleration and extrapolation, solution of systems of linear equations, eigenvalue problems, initial and boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations, and computer programs applying these numerical methods. (P: MATH-M 301 or MATH-M 303, MATH-M 313 or MATH-M 343, and MATH-M 311, or consent of instructor. R: CSCI-C 301 or FORTRAN programming.)

- MA 153 Algebra and Trigonometry I (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Algebra for students with inadequate preparation for calculus. This is the first half of a two-semester version of MA 151. Not open to students with credit for MA 151. (R: A grade of C- or better in MATH M 117 or equivalent.)

- MA 154 Algebra and Trigonometry II (3 cr.) Spring. Trigonometry for students with inadequate preparation for calculus. This is the second half of a two-semester version of MA 151. Not open to students with credit for MA 151. (P: MA 153 or equivalent.)

- MA 221 Calculus for Technology I (3 cr.)
**MA221 Calculus for Technology I (3 cr)**. Spring. Not open to students with credit in MATH-M119. First course in techniques of calculus for students enrolled in certain technical curricula. (P: MA153 or equivalent. R: a grade of C- or better in MA153 or MA154 or equivalent.)

- MA 222 Calculus for Technology II (3 cr.) Spring. Note open to students with credit in MA 224 or MATH-M120. Continuation of MA221. Knowledge of trigonometry required. (P: MA 221. R: a grade of C- or better in MA 221 or equivalent.)

- MATH-T 109 Mathematics for Elementary Education I (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Introduction to problem-solving, including use of patterns and Venn diagrams; study of various numeration systems; whole numbers, fraction, and decimal algorithms with manipulatives; ratio; percent; logic. Open only to elementary education majors. Does not count towards divisional distribution requirement. (P: MATH-M 118 or MATH-M 125.)

- MATH-T 110 Mathematics for Elementary Education II (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. Emphasis on geometry with use of manipulatives; study of plane figures and solids. Discussion of area, volume, symmetry, perimeter, tesselation, constructions with mira and compass, congruence, similarity, probability, statistics. Open only to elementary education majors. Does not count toward divisional distribution requirement. (P: MATH-M 118 or MATH-M 125.)

- MATH-T 336 Topics in Euclidean Geometry (3 cr.) Axiom systems for the plane, the parallel postulate and non-Euclidean geometry, classical theorems. Geometric transformation theory, vectors and analytic geometry, convexity, theory of area and volume. (P: MATH-M 301 or MATH-M 303 and MATH-M 391 or their equivalents.)

- MATH-Y 398 Internship in Professional Practice (1 - 3 cr.) Internship with businesses requiring applied mathematics (or pure mathematics) projects. (P: Junior or Senior standing)

##### Microbiology

- MICR J 200 Microbiology and Immunology (3 cr.) Fall, Spring. For students of the baccalaureate curricula in the School of Nursing and in the Division of Allied Health Sciences; others by consent of instructor. Concurrent or previous registration in J201 Microbiology Laboratory is recommended. Basic principles of microbiology, cell biology and epidemiology. Consideration of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites in human disease; immunology and host-defense mechanisms. (P: ANAT-A 215 and PHSL-P 215 or equivalent.)

- MICR-J 201 Microbiology Laboratory (1 cr.) Fall, Spring. Bacteriological techniques of microscopy, asepsis, pure culture, and identification of unknown bacteria. Biology of microorganisms; action of antimicrobial agents and disinfectants, food microbiology and bacterial agglutination reactions.* (P or C: MICR-J 200.)

- MICR-M 310 Microbiology (3 cr.) Alternate years. Application of fundamental biological principles to the study of microorganisms. Significance of microorganisms to humans and their environment. Topics covered include bacterial growth and metabolism, microbial genetics, microbial diversity, mechanisms of pathogenicity, epidemiology and environmental microbiology. (P: two semesters of college chemistry; BIOL-L 105. C: MICR-M 315.)

- MICR-M 315 Microbiology Laboratory (2 cr.) Alternate years. Laboratory exercises and demonstrations to yield proficiency in principles and techniques of cultivation and utilization of microorganisms under aseptic conditions. These principles will include microscopy, asepsis, pure culture, bacterial metabolism, genetic transformation and identification of unknown bacteria.* (C: MICR-M 310.)

- MICR-M 320 Environmental and Public Health Microbiology (3 cr.) Introduction to basic concepts in environmental microbiology and epidemiology. Significance of waterborne pathogenic microorganisms and indicators. Importance of drinking water treatment and wastewater treatment. Introduction to foodborne pathogens and foodborne infections. (R: BIOL-L 105 and BIOL-L 211/213; MICR-M 310 is recommended)

##### Physiology

- PHSL-P 215 Basic Human Physiology (5 cr.) Fall, Spring. Functional aspects of cells, tissues, organs, and systemes in mammalian organisms. Designed for pre-professional students in allied health, nursing, speech and hearing and HPER.* (R: MATH-M007, ANAT-A215, intro to chemistry.)

- PHSL-P 416 Comparative Animal Physiology (3 cr.) Alternate years. Physiological principles of the respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and related systems in a variety of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. (P:CHEM-C 106, two college biology courses, and one college mathematics course.)

- PHSL-P 418 Laboratory in Comparative Animal Physiology (2 cr.) Laboratory experiments using a variety of animals to illustrate physiological principles.* (P or C: PHSL-P 416.)

##### Physics

- PHYS-P 100 Physics in the Modern World (5 cr.) Fall, Spring. Ideas, language, methods, impact, and cultural aspects of physics today. Includes classical physics up to physical bases of radar, atomic energy applications, etc. Beginning high school algebra used. Cannot be substituted for physics courses explicitly designated in specified curricula. No credit in this course will be given to students who have passed PHYS-P 201-202.*

- PHYS-P 201 General Physics I (5 cr.) Fall. Newtonian mechanics, oscillations and waves, bulk properties of matter and thermodynamics.* (P: MATH-M 125 or high school equivalent.)

- PHYS-P 202 General Physics II (5 cr.) lab fee Spring. Electricity and magnetism, geometrical and physical optics, and modern physics. (P: PHYS-P 201)*

- PHYS-P 221 Physics I (5 cr.) Alternate years. This course is the first semester of a two semester sequence of calculus-based, introductory physics. In PHYS-P 221, we will explore Newtonian mechanics, fluid dynamics, oscillations and waves, thermodynamics, and elementary kinetic energy. (P: MATH-M 215.)

- PHYS-P 222 Physics II (5 cr.) Spring Alternate years. This course is the second semester of a two semester sequence of calculus-based, introductory physics. In PHYS-P 222, we will focus primarily on electricity and magnetism. We will also learn about geometrical and physical optics, the special theory of relativity and elements of contemporary physics. (P: MATH-M 215, PHYS-P 221.)

- PHYS-P 301 Contemporary Physics (3 cr.) Arr. Introduction to modern physics. Atomic and nuclear physics, kinetic theory, relativity, elementary particles. (P: PHYS-P 202 or PHYS-P 222; MATH-M 215, which may be taken concurrently with consent of instructor.)

- PHYS-P 310 Environmental Physics (3 cr.) Arr. Relationship of physics to current environmental problems. Energy production, comparison of sources and by-products; nature of and possible solutions to problems of noise; particulate matter in atmosphere. (P: PHYS-P 201 or consent of instructor.)

##### Physical and Life Sciences

- PLSC-B 203 Survey of the Plant Kingdom (5 cr.) Spring. Survey of various groups of plants, including their structure, behavior, life histories, classification, and economic importance.*

- PLSC-B 364 Summer Flowering Plants (5 cr.) Summer A course for students desiring a broad, practical knowledge of common wild and cultivated plants.* (P: one introductory biology course.)