General Requirements for Doctoral Degrees
Language Proficiencies and Tool Subjects
Candidates for doctoral degrees who expect to do research in specialized fields or who must have specialized techniques beyond those normally required of master’s degree students must possess or acquire such techniques in addition to the regular course requirements. Specific recommendations are made for each candidate on the basis of the degree choice and results of the entering proficiency examinations; the candidate has an opportunity to pass examinations in the specified areas or to take prescribed courses. The level of language proficiency required for Ph.D. candidates is determined by the individual departments and the director of graduate studies. Candidates for the D.M. degree have language or tool subject requirements according to the nature of their degree plans.