
University Graduate School 20022004 Academic Bulletin 


Mathematics College of Arts and Sciences Bloomington
Chairperson
Graduate Faculty
College Professor
Distinguished Professor
Professors
Associate Professors
Assistant Professor
Director of Graduate Studies Master of Arts, Master of Arts for Teachers, and Doctor of Philosophy Special Departmental Requirements (See also general University Graduate School requirements.)
Admission Requirements
Area Options
Course Requirements
Master of Arts for Teachers Degree
Course Requirements
Restrictions
Course Requirements
Minor
Foreign Language Requirement
Qualifying Examinations
Tier 1 (Comprehensive 400Level Written Exams) Syllabi, references, and sample problems for these exams are available in the Mathematics Department graduate office.
Tier 2 (Committee Review)
Tier 3 (Oral Exam)
Doctoral students in other departments may complete a minor in mathematics by satisfying one of the following options: (1) 9 credit hours of mathematics courses at the 400 level or above, or (2) M343M344 and 6 credit hours of mathematics courses at the 400 level or above. Students are advised to begin their study of a field with 400level courses, unless their preparation in that field has been very good. M.A.T. students in mathematics, or M.A., M.S., or Ph.D. students in other departments, may receive graduate credit for any 400level course. Candidates for the M.A. or Ph.D. in mathematics should note that some 400level courses do not satisfy certain degree requirements (see footnotes). In the following list, the middle digit of the course number indicates the field of mathematics: x0y, algebra; x1y, analysis; x2y, topology; x3y, geometry; x4y, applied mathematics; x5y, mechanics; x6y, probability and statistics; x7y, numerical analysis; x8y, history and foundations. M403M404 Introduction to Modern Algebra III (33 cr.) S403S404 Honors Course in Modern Algebra III (33 cr.) T403 Modern Algebra for Secondary Teachers (3 cr.)^{1} M405 Number Theory (3 cr.) *P: M212 (*Bloomington Campus only)^{1} M409 Linear Transformations (3 cr.)^{2} M413M414 Introduction to Analysis III (33 cr.) M415 Elementary Complex Variables with Applications (3 cr.) M420 Metric Space Topology (3 cr.)^{1} M425 Graph Network Theory and Combinatorial Analysis (3 cr.) M435 Introduction to Differential Geometry (3 cr.) M436 Introduction to Geometries (3 cr.) M441M442 Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with Applications III (33 cr.) M447M448 Mathematical Models and Applications III (33 cr.)^{1} M463M464 Introduction to Probability Theory III (33 cr.) M465 Sampling Techniques (3 cr.) M466 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3 cr.) M467 Advanced Statistical Techniques I (3 cr.) M468 Advanced Statistical Techniques II (3 cr.) M471M472 Numerical Analysis III (33 cr.) P: M301 or M303, M311, M343, and knowledge of a computer language such as Fortran, C, or C++. (Students with other programming backgrounds should consult the instructor.) M482 Mathematical Logic (3 cr.) M490 Problem Seminar (3 cr.) T490 Topics for Elementary Teachers (3 cr.) P: T103 or equivalent. Development and study of a body of mathematics specifically designed for experienced elementary teachers. Examples include probability, statistics, geometry, and algebra. Open only to graduate elementary teachers with consent of the instructor. (Does not count toward the area requirements for the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in mathematics.) M501 Survey of Algebra (3 cr.) P: M403M404. Groups with operators: JordanHolder theorem. Sylow theorems. Rings: localization of rings; Chinese remainder theorem. Modules over principal ideal domains: invariants. Fields: algebraic closure; separable and inseparable algebraic extensions; Galois theory; finite fields. M502 Commutative Algebra (3 cr.) P: M501. Field theory: transcendental extensions; separable extensions; derivations. Modules: Noetherian and Artinian modules. Primary modules; primary decomposition; Krull intersection theorem. Commutative rings: height and depth of prime ideals. Integral extensions. Notions of algebraic geometry: algebraic sets; Hilbert Nullstellensatz; local rings. M503 Noncommutative Algebra (3 cr.) P: M501. Simple and semisimple modules; density theorem; WedderburnArtin theorem. Simple algebras: automorphisms; splitting fields; Brauer groups. Representations of finite groups: characters; induced characters; applications. M505M506 Basic Number Theory III (33 cr.) P: M403M404. Congruence, units modulo n, lattices and abelian groups, quadratic residues, arithmetic functions, diophantine equations, Farey fractions, continued fractions, partition function, the Sieve method, density of subsets of integers, zeta function, the prime number theorem. M507M508 Introduction to Lie Algebras and Lie Groups (3 cr.) P: M403M404, and M409 or M501. Nilpotent, solvable, and semisimple Lie algebras, PBW theorem, Killing form, Cartan subalgebras, root systems, Weyl group, classification and representations of complex semisimple Lie algebras, maximal weight modules; correspondence between real Lie algebras and Lie groups, compact Lie groups, complex and real semisimple Lie groups, symmetrical spaces. M509 Representations of Finite Groups (3 cr.) P: M409 or equivalent. Groups, subgroups. Homomorphisms, isomorphisms. Transformation groups. The orthogonal and Euclidean groups O(3) and E(3). Symmetry and discrete subgroups of E(3). Crystallographic groups. Group representations. Reducible and irreducible representations. Group characters and character tables. Representations of the symmetric groups. Young tableaux. Symmetry classes of tensors. M511M512 Real Variables III (33 cr.) Sets and functions; cardinal and ordinal numbers; metric spaces; limits and continuity; function spaces and linear functionals; set functions; kinds of measures, integration; absolute continuity; convergence theorems; differentiation and integration. M513M514 Complex Variables III (33 cr.) Algebra, topology, and geometry of the complex plane; analytic functions; conformal mapping; Riemann surfaces; Cauchy's theorem and formula; convergence theorems; infinite series and products; Riemann mapping theorem. M521M522 Topology III (33 cr.) Pointset topology, including connectedness, compactness, separation properties, products, quotients, metrization, function spaces. Elementary homotopy theory including fundamental group and covering spaces. Introduction to homology theory with applications such as the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem. M529 Introduction to Differential Topology (3 cr.) P: M303, M413 or equivalent. Derivatives and tangents; Inverse Function Theorem; immersions and submersions; Sard's Theorem. Manifolds; imbedding manifolds. Applications: intersections and degrees (mod 2); Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem. Orientation of manifolds; Euler characteristic; Hopf Degree Theorem. M533M534 Differential Geometry III (33 cr.) Differentiable manifolds, multilinear algebra, and tensor bundles. Vector fields, connections, and general integrability theorems. Riemannian manifolds, curvatures, and topics from the calculus of variations. M540M541 Partial Differential Equations III (33 cr.) P: M441M442 or equivalent. Introduction to distributions, Sobolev spaces, and Fourier transforms; elliptic equations, Hilbert space theory, potential theory, maximum principle; parabolic equations and systems, characteristics, representations of solutions, energy methods; applications and examples. M544M545 Ordinary Differential Equations III (33 cr.) P: M413M414 or consent of instructor. Existence, uniqueness, continuous dependence; linear systems, stability theory, Floquet theory; periodic solutions of nonlinear equations; PoincaréBendixson theory, direct stability methods; almost periodic motions; spectral theory of nonsingular and singular selfadjoint boundaryvalue problems; twodimensional autonomous systems; the saddlepoint property; linear systems with isolated singularities. M546 Control Theory (3 cr.) Examples of control problems; optimal control of deterministic systems: linear and nonlinear. The maximal principle: stochastic control problems. M548 Mathematical Methods for Biology (3 cr.) P: M414, M463. Deterministic growth models. Birthdeath processes and stochastic models for growth. Mathematical theories for the spread of epidemics. Quantitative population genetics. M551 Markets and MultiPeriod Asset Pricing (3 cr.) P: M463, M345, or equivalent. The concepts of arbitrage and riskneutral pricing are introduced within the context of dynamic models of stock prices, bond prices, and currency exchange rates. Specific models include multiperiod binomial models, Markov processes, Brownian motion, and martingales. M553 Cryptography (3 cr.) P: M301 or M303. Covers encryption and decryption in secure codes. Topics include: cryptosystems and their cryptanalysis, Data Encryption Standard, differential cryptanalysis, Euclidean algorithm, Chinese remainder theorem, RSA cryptosystem, primality testing, factoring algorithms, ElGamal cryptosystem, discrete log problem, other public key cryptosystems, signature schemes, hash functions, key distribution, and key agreement. Credit not given for both M553 and M453. M560 Applied Stochastic Processes (3 cr.) P: M343, M463, or consent of instructor. Simple random walk as approximation of Brownian motion. Discretetime Markov chains. Continuoustime Markov chains; Poisson, compound Poisson, and birthanddeath chains; Kolmogorov's backward and forward equations; steady state. Diffusions as limits of birthanddeath processes. Examples drawn from diverse fields of application. M561 Nonparametric Statistics I (3 cr.) P: M466. Problems of estimating and testing hypotheses when the functional form of the underlying distribution is unknown. Robust methods. Sign test, rank tests, and confidence procedures based on these tests. Tests based on the permutations of observations. Nonparametric tolerance limits. Large sample properties of the tests. M562 Statistical Design of Experiments (3 cr.) P: M565 or consent of instructor. Latin square, incomplete blocks, and nested designs. Design and analysis of factorial experiments with crossing and nesting of factors, under fixed, random, and mixed effects models, in the balanced case. Blocking and fractionation of experiments with many factors at two levels. Exploration of response surfaces. M563M564 Theory of Probability III (33 cr.) P: M463, M512; or consent of instructor. Basic concepts of measure theory and integration, axiomatic foundations of probability theory, distribution functions and characteristic functions, infinitely divisible laws and the central limit problem, modes of convergence of sequences of random variables, ergodic theorems, Markov chains, and stochastic processes. M565 Analysis of Variance (3 cr.) P: M466 and some of matrix algebra. General linear hypothesis. Least squares estimation. Confidence regions. Multiple comparisons. Analysis of complete layouts. Effects of departures from underlying assumptions. Analysis of covariance. M566M567 Mathematical Statistics III (33 cr.) P: M466, M512; or consent of instructor. Modern statistical inference, including such topics as sufficient statistics with applications to similar tests and point estimates, unbiased and invariant tests, lower bounds for mean square errors of point estimates, interval estimation, linear hypothesis, analysis of variance, sequential analysis, decision functions, and nonparametric inference. M568 Time Series Analysis (3 cr.) P: M466 or consent of instructor. Autocovariance, power spectra, windows, prewhitening, aliasing, variability and covariability, rejection filtering and separation, pilot estimation, crossspectra, Rth order spectra, prediction, numerical spectrum analysis. M569 Statistical Decision Theory (3 cr.) P: M466 or consent of instructor. Decisiontheoretic approach to statistical problems, randomized and nonrandomized decision rules, comparison of decision rules, Bayes decision rules, construction of Bayes decision rules when the number of possible decisions is finite and infinite, and linear programming as a computational rule. M571M572 Analysis of Numerical Methods III (33 cr.) P: M441M442 and M413M414. Solution of systems of linear equations, elimination and iterative methods, error analyses, eigenvalue problems; numerical methods for integral equations and ordinary differential equations; finite difference, finite element, and Galerkin methods for partial differential equations; stability of methods. M583 Set Theory (3 cr.) P: M482 or M511 or M521. ZermeloFraenkel axioms for set theory, wellfoundedness and wellorderings, induction and recursion, ordinals and cardinals, axiom of choice, cardinal exponentiation, generalized continuum hypothesis, infinite combinatorics and large cardinals. Martin's axiom, applications to analysis and topology. M584 Recursion Theory (3 cr.) P: one of M482, M511, M521 or CSCI C452; or consent of instructor. Classes of recursive functions, models of computation, Church's thesis, normal forms, recursion theorem, recursively enumerable sets, reducibilities, lattice of r.e. sets, jump operator, priority arguments, degrees of unsolvability and hierarchies. M590 Seminar (3 cr.) M595M596 Seminar in the Teaching of College Mathematics III (11 cr.) Methods of teaching undergraduate college mathematics. Does not count toward meeting any of the 500level requirements toward an M.A. or Ph.D. M599 Colloquium (1 cr.) Attendance at Department of Mathematics colloquia required. May be repeated. May not be used in fulfillment of the 36 credit hours of 500, 600, or 700level course work required for the Ph.D. Also not applicable to 30 credit hours for master's degree. M601M602 Algebraic Number Theory III (33 cr.) P: M501M502. Valuations, fields of algebraic functions, cohomology of groups, local and global class field theory. M607M608 Group Representations III (33 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Review of abstract group theory. Representation theory of finite and infinite compact groups. Detailed study of selected classical groups. Lie groups, covering groups, Lie algebras, invariant measure and induced representations. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Departments of Mathematics and Physics; see PHYS P607. M611M612 Functional Analysis III (33 cr.) Fundamentals of the theory of vector spaces; Banach spaces; Hilbert space. Linear functionals and operators in such spaces, spectral resolution of operators. Functional equations: applications to fields of analysis, such as integration and measure, integral equations, ordinary and partial differential equations, ergodic theory. Nonlinear problems. SchauderLeray fixedpoint theorem and its applications to fundamental existence theorems of analysis. M621M622 Algebraic Topology III (33 cr.) P: M522. Basic concepts of homological algebra, universal coefficient theorems for homology and cohomology, Künneth formula, duality in manifolds. Homotopy theory including Hurewicz and Whitehead theorems, classifying spaces, Postnikov systems, spectral sequences, homotopy groups of spheres. Offered every other year, alternating with M623M624. M623M624 Geometric Topology III (33 cr.) P: M522. Topics in geometric topology chosen from Ktheory, simple homotopy theory, topology of manifolds, fiber bundles, knot theory, and related areas. May be taken more than once. Offered every other year, alternating with M621M622. M630 Algebraic Geometry (3 cr.) A study in the plane, based on homogeneous point and line coordinates; a study of algebraic curves and envelopes, including such topics as invariants, singularities, reducibility, genus, polar properties, Pascal and Brainchon theorems, and Jacobian, Hessian, and Plücker formulas. M633M634 Algebraic Varieties III (33 cr.) Topological and algebraic properties of algebraic varieties. M635M636 Relativity III (33 cr.) Mathematical foundations of the theory of relativity. Lorentz groups, MichelsonMorley experiment, aberration of stars, Fizeau experiment, kinematic effects, relativistic second law of Newton, relativistic kinetic energy, Maxwell equations, ponderomotive equations. Curvature tensor and its algebraic identities, Bianchi's identity, gravitation and geodesics. Schwarzschild solution, relativistic orbits, deflection of light. M637 Theory of Gravitation I (3 cr.) Introduction to the general theory of relativity, stressenergy tensor, parallel transport, geodesics, Einstein's equation, differential geometry, manifolds, general covariance, bending of light, perihelion advance. Modern cosmology: RobertsonWalker metric, equations of state, Friedmann equations, Hubble's law, redshift, cosmological constant, inflation, quintessence, cosmic microwave background, Big Bang nucleosynthesis, structure formation. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Department of Physics; see PHYS P637. M638 Theory of Gravitation II (3 cr.) Gravitation waves, Schwarzschild geometry and black holes, Kerr metric, ReissnerNordstrom metric, extremal black holes, Penrose diagrams, Hawking radiation, Lie derivatives, isometries and Killing vectors, variational principle and the Palatini formalism, spinors in general relativity, vierbeins, gravitation as a gauge theory, quantum gravity. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Department of Physics; see PHYS P638. A641 Elliptic Differential Equations (3 cr.) P: M511, M513, M540, or consent of instructor. Green's identity, fundamental solutions, function theoretic methods, partition of unity, weak and strong derivatives, Sobolev inequalities, embedding theorems, Garding's inequality, Dirichlet problem, existence theory, regularity in the interior, regularity on the boundary, and selected topics. A642 Evolution Equations (3 cr.) P: M511, M513, M540, or consent of instructor. Hyperbolic equations and systems, parabolic equations, Cauchy problems in higher dimension, method of descent, fundamental solutions and their construction, strongly continuous semigroups, analytic semigroups, uniqueness theorems in Hilbert space, fractional powers of operators, analyticity of solutions, and selected topics. A643 Integral Equations (3 cr.) Covers the VolterraFredholm theory of integral equations and the abstract Riesz theory of compact operators. Other topics include ideals of compact operators, Fredholm operators, convolution equations and their relationship to Toeplitz operators, WienerHopf factorization. M647 Mathematical Physics (3 cr.) P: M541 or consent of instructor. Applications of the theory of normed linear spaces, distributions, unbounded operators in Hilbert space, and related topics to problems in mathematical physics. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Department of Physics; see PHYS P647. M655 Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (3 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Philosophical and mathematical analysis of the concepts: quantum observable, compatibility, quantum state, superposition principle, symmetry. Axiomatic construction of conventional quantum mechanics. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Department of Physics; see PHYS P655. M656M657 Kinetic Theory and Statistical Mechanics III (33 cr.) Introduction to the classical theory and modern developments. Historical development of kineticstatistical theories; rigorous equilibrium statistics; kinetic gas dynamics according to Boltzmann equation; kinetic theories of transport processes in liquids. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Departments of Mathematics and Physics; see PHYS P656P657. M658M659 Continuum Mechanics III (33 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Twosemester course dealing with mathematical foundations of continuum mechanics; content varies yearly; topics selected from elasticity, plasticity, or fluid mechanics and related areas. M662 Nonparametric Statistics II (3 cr.) P: M565, M566, M561, or consent of instructor. Multisample problems. Ranking methods in analysis of variance. Bivariate and multivariate procedures. Efficiency comparisons. Recent developments. M663 Weak Convergence of Probability Measures and Applications (3 cr.) P: M512, M564. Weak convergence of probability measures on metric spaces. Prohorov's theorem and tightness. Brownian motion. Donsker's invariance principle. Weak convergence on D [0,1]. Convergence of empirical distributions. Functional central limit theorems under dependence. M664 Large Sample Theory of Statistics (3 cr.) P: M563, M566. Asymptotic distributions of sample moments, sample quantiles, and Ustatistics; methods of estimation: maximum likelihood estimates, method of moments, Lestimators, Bayes estimators; asymptotic efficiency; likelihood ratio tests, chisquare tests, asymptotic relative efficiencies of tests; weak convergence of the empirical distribution function to a Brownian bridge and application; selection of topics from the following: large deviations, secondorder asymptotic efficiency, bootstrap rank tests. M671M672 Numerical Treatment of Differential and Integral Equations III (33 cr.) P: M540 or consent of instructor. Finite difference methods of ordinary and partial differential equations; relaxation methods; discrete kernel functions; methods of Ritz, Galerkin, and Trefftz approximate methods for integral equations. M680 Logic and Decidability (3 cr.) P: M584 and M404; or consent of instructor. Effective syntax and semantics of propositional and firstorder logics, theory of decidability and some decidable theories, theory of undecidability and implicit definability, Gödel's theorems on incompleteness and the unprovability of consistency. M682 Model Theory (3 cr.) P: M583, M680, and M502; or consent of instructor. Elementary equivalence, completeness and modelcompleteness, interpolation, preservation and characterization theorems, elementary classes, types, saturated structures, introduction to categoricity and stability. M701M702 Selected Topics in Algebra III (33 cr.) M711M712 Selected Topics in Analysis III (33 cr.) M721M722 Selected Topics in Topology III (33 cr.) M731M732 Selected Topics in Differential Geometry III (33 cr.) M733M734 Selected Topics in Algebraic Geometry III (33 cr.) M741M742 Selected Topics in Applied Mathematics III (33 cr.) M743M744 Selected Topics in Mathematical Physics III (33 cr.) Content varies from year to year. May be taught in alternate years by members of the Department of Physics; see PHYS P743. M751M752 Selected Topics in Mechanics III (33 cr.) M761M762 Selected Topics in Statistics and Probability III (33 cr.) M771M772 Selected Topics in Numerical Analysis III (33 cr.) M781M782 Selected Topics in Mathematical Logic (33 cr.) M800 Mathematical Reading and Research (cr. arr.)* Intended primarily for graduate students who have passed the qualifying examination.
^{1} These courses do not ordinarily carry credit toward the M.A. or Ph.D. degree in mathematics. They may, however, be taken by M.A.T. students and graduate students in other departments for graduate credit. ^{2} Does not count toward the area requirements for the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in mathematics.  
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