College of Arts and Sciences
Professor Steven Franks
Thomas A. Sebeok (Emeritus, Anthropology, Central Eurasian Studies, Semiotics)
Albert Valdman (French and Italian)
Daniel Dinnsen, Steven Franks (Slavic Languages and Literatures), Paul Newman (West African Languages Institute), Robert Port (Cognitive Science), Alo Raun (Emeritus, Central Eurasian Studies)
Robert Botne, Stuart Davis, Michael Gasser (Computer Science), Yoshihisa Kitagawa, Samuel G. Obeng, Barbara Vance (French and Italian)
Julie Auger* (French and Italian), Kenneth de Jong
Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig (TESOL/Applied Linguistics), Phil Connell (Speech and Hearing Sciences), Harry L. Gradman, (TESOL/Applied Linguistics), Beverly Hartford (TESOL/Applied Linguistics), David Pisoni (Psychology), Natusko Tsujimura (East Asian Languages and Cultures)
Adjunct Associate Professors
J. Clancy Clements (Spanish and Portuguese), George Fowler* (Slavic Languages and Literatures), Lawrence Moss (Mathematics), Roxana Newman* (Affiliate Member), Rex Sprouse (Germanic Studies),*
For Master of Arts in Linguistics and Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics: Associate Professor Stuart Davis, Memorial Hall 317, (812) 855-6456. For Applied Linguistics (TESOL): Professor Harry L. Gradman, Memorial Hall 309, (812) 855-3302.
Master of Arts in Linguistics, Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics
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Special Departmental Requirements
(See also general University Graduate School requirements.)
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Master of Arts Degree
Admission to the M.A. program will be based on evaluations of (1) undergraduate grade record, (2) level of achievement in the Graduate Record Examination General Test, (3) three letters of recommendation, and (4) undergraduate exposure to linguistics and related course work. Students not satisfying requirement (4) may be admitted but may be required to do course work prerequisite to introductory graduate courses.
Optional; maximum of 4 credit hours.
A total of 30 credit hours, including L530, L541, L542, and L543. A grade point average of 3.0 (B) must be achieved in these four core courses. Additional electives as approved by the department. Graduate courses at other institutions may be used as equivalents to required course work if their content is considered satisfactory by the department.
Foreign Language Requirements
Reading knowledge of one foreign language approved by the department and knowledge of the structure of a language or languages other than English and outside the studentís general language family. (The L653-L654 sequence may satisfy the second part of this requirement.)
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Doctor of Philosophy Degree
Admission to the Ph.D. program will be based upon evaluation of (1) previous academic record, (2) level of achievement in the Graduate Record Examination General Test, (3) three letters of recommendation, and (4) previous exposure to linguistics and related course work, (5) interest compatibility with those of the faculty.
Fields of Study
The doctorate is normally pursued in areas such as phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, historical linguistics, African linguistics, applied linguistics (including second language acquisition), and sociolinguistics. Other concentrations, including a combined degree with cognitive science, are also possible with the approval of the department.
A minimum of 90 credit hours, including dissertation. Specific requirements include one graduate course each in phonetics, phonology, syntax, historical linguistics, and language acquisition, plus at least four courses in linguistics at the 600-700 levels, one of which must be L600 or L602 for students in general linguistics. L653, the first half of the field methods sequence, may not be counted if it is used in partial fulfillment of the language structure requirement. Additional course requirements may be set by the studentís advisory committee.
The choice of a minor field should be agreed to by the studentís advisory committee. The specific requirements for the minor are established by the department that grants the minor. The student is responsible for ascertaining what those requirements are and for meeting them.
All students in the Ph.D. program will select an advisory committee consisting of at least three faculty members, one of whom should normally represent the studentís minor field. The committee must be selected no later than the end of the semester following the completion of the masterís degree at Indiana University, or, in the case of students entering the program with masterís degrees from other institutions, no later than two semesters after matriculation.
Students will plan their programs with the advisory committee, which will be responsible for counseling students with regard to the qualifying examination, setting the examination, and administering it.
Foreign Language Requirements
Three languages: (1) reading or speaking knowledge of two foreign languages, one of which should be either French, German, or Russian; and (2) knowledge of the structure of a language or languages other than English and outside the studentís general language family (choice to be determined in consultation with the studentís advisory committee).
Comprehensive; the examination is on two distinct areas of linguistics and may require the student to write two papers (of publishable quality), take two take-home or sit-down exams, or some combination of these; specific focus and scheduling of the examination is determined by the studentís advisory committee.
After nomination to candidacy, the student will select a research committee composed of no fewer than three members of the Department of Linguistics faculty and an outside representative. This committee must approve the proposed dissertation topic.
Oral defense of dissertation. This defense is open.
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Ph.D. in Linguistics with a Concentration in African Languages and Linguistics
A minimum of 90 credit hours, including dissertation. Specific requirements include A501, L653-L654, one graduate-level course each in phonetics, phonology, syntax, and historical linguistics, plus at least two additional courses in linguistics at the 600-700 levels. Where appropriate, additional courses may be assigned by the studentís advisory committee.
Foreign Language Requirements
Three languages: (1) proficiency in two foreign languages, one of which must be an African language and the other normally French or German; and (2) knowledge of the structure of a foreign language or language group other than Romance or Germanic.
(All other requirements are the same as the above for the Ph.D. in Linguistics.)
Ph.D. Minor in Linguistics
Doctoral students in other departments may choose linguistics as an outside minor. Twelve (12) credit hours of linguistics or related courses are required for the minor. A grade point average of 3.0 (B) or better must be achieved in these courses. The specific program for satisfying this requirement should be developed in consultation with the linguistics outside minor advisor.
Ph.D. Minor in African Languages and Linguistics
The minor consists of a minimum of four courses (12 credits) including the following: (1) one course in an African language at the 200 level or higher, (2) A501, and (3) two additional courses in African languages or linguistics approved by the studentís minor advisor. A grade point average of 3.0 (B) or better must be achieved in these courses.
Ph.D. Minor in Applied Linguistics
The minor consists of a minimum of 12 credit hours of TESOL and applied linguistics or related courses. A grade point average of 3.0 (B) or better must be achieved in these courses. The specific program for satisfying this requirement must be developed in consultation with the studentís minor advisor.
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L503 Survey of Linguistics I (3 cr.) An introduction to the field of linguistics. Credit not given towards the M.A. in general linguistics or the Ph.D. in linguistics.
L520 Sociolinguistics (3 cr.) Examination of theoretical perspectives on language as a social phenomenon. Questions of linguistic variation, including social and contextual factors contributing to variation.
L525 Language Change and Variation (3 cr.)
L530 Introduction to Historical Linguistics (3 cr.) P: L542 or equivalent. Principles of language classification and subclassification. Processes of diachronic change. Methods of linguistic reconstruction, especially the comparative method and internal reconstruction.
L541 Introductory Phonetics (4 cr.) Survey of speech sound types in languages of the world with practice in discrimination, transcription, and production. Introduction to acoustic phonetics, physiology of speech production, and speech perception; with concurrent laboratory section.
L542 Phonological Analysis (3 cr.) An introduction to the principles of contemporary phonological theory and tools of phonological analysis and description. The format of the course is oriented toward data-based problems from a wide variety of languages.
L543 Syntactic Analysis (3 cr.) An examination of the methods and argumentation used in syntactic analysis conducted within the framework of generative grammar. Emphasis on constructing and evaluating grammatical analyses and promoting critical understanding of the generative framework.
L544 Morphological Analysis (3 cr.) Introduction to the basic concepts and approaches to morphological analysis and description to different theories of word structure and to issues in the relation between morphology and phonology and between morphology and syntax. Data-based problem solving from a wide variety of languages.
L545 Semantics (3 cr.) P: L543. Introduction to current semantic theory, its tools, concepts, and principles. Emphasis on constructing detailed fragments of natural language with syntactic and semantic components.
L590 Linguistic Structure (3 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Analysis of particular aspects of the structure of a language or of a group of closely related languages. Methods used may include text analysis, informant work, study of secondary sources, lectures, reports.
L600 Advanced Phonological Description (3 cr.) Problems of phonological description and their theoretical implications. Practice in formulating and evaluating explanatory statements about various phonetic, phonotactic, and morphophonemic properties of languages.
L602 Advanced Syntax (3 cr.) P: L543. Syntactic analysis and its significance in the development and refinement of standard syntactic theory.
L611 Models of Linguistic Structure (3 cr.) Formulations of linguistic structuresófiniteóset, phrase-structure, transformational dependency, predictiveówith emphasis on their mathematical properties. Mathematical concepts underlying these formulations, such as sets, relations, Markov processes, and automata.
L614 Alternative Syntactic Theories (3 cr.) P: L543. An examination of a current syntactic framework other than the standard framework in terms of specific issues of syntactic analysis and general claims about the nature and organization of the syntax of natural languages. Emphasis on developing analyses within that framework. May be repeated for credit when topic varies.
L619 Language and Society (3 cr.)
L625 Bilingualism and Language Contact (3 cr.) Problems of multilingualism, including diglossia. Examination of selected cases illustrating the relationship between language contact and linguistic change.
L630 Lexicology (3 cr.) Analysis of the lexical structure of languages. The word and its morphological and semantic properties. Application of lexicology to practical problems in dictionary making (lexicography).
L636 Pidgins and Creoles (3 cr.) Survey of the field of pidgin and creole linguistics: presentation of the structure of selected prototypical pidgins and creoles; review of the theories for the genesis of creoles and their relationship to current issues in language acquisition and historical linguistics; discussion of language planning issues specific to pidgins and creoles, as well as discussion of current issues.
L641 Advanced Phonetics (3 cr.) P: L541. Experimental analysis of the speech signal; speech articulation and the structure of phonetic space. A survey of current theories of speech production and perception with experience designing and conducting experiments, and some consideration of phonetic factors that determine the choice of particular sound contrasts in languages.
L645 Linguistics and Computers (3 cr.) Analyzing and describing natural languages for translating or data processing with the aid of electronic computers.
L653-L654 Field Methods in Linguistics I-II (3-3 cr.) Techniques of data collection and analysis based on work with a native speaker of a language unknown to the students.
L670 Language Typologies (3 cr.) Historical review of typologies. Specific languages controlled by students will be typologized in different ways.
L690 Advanced Readings in Linguistics (1-4 cr.) S-F Grading.
L695 M.A. Thesis Research (1-4 cr.)*
L700 Seminar on Current Issues (1-4 cr.) This seminar will deal with major books and articles which have defined important areas of debate in the current development of linguistic theory. The specific title will be announced well in advance of each semester. Course may be retaken for up to 12 credit hours.
L710 Seminar in Phonetics (4 cr.) Selected problems in the acoustic, motor, and auditory structure of the sounds of human language. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L712 Seminar in Phonology (4 cr.) Research and reports on selected problems of generative phonology. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L714 Seminar in Syntax (4 cr.) Advanced treatment of a topic, construction, or theoretical concept in syntax using a current theoretical model. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L720 Seminar in Sociolinguistics (4 cr.) Selected problems concerning the relationship between language and society. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L760 Seminar in Historical Linguistics (4 cr.) Selected problems concerning linguistic reconstruction, processes of diachronic change, and language classification. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L780 Seminar in Semantics (4 cr.) Selected problems in the area of meaning and the relationship between language and semantic interpretation. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.
L800 Research (cr. arr.)*
THE LINGUISTIC STUDY OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES
A501 Introduction to African Linguistics (3 cr.) Introduction to the linguistic study of African languages; questions of language distribution, typological and genetic classification, comparative reconstruction, and structural aspects of individual languages.
A502 Language in Africa (3 cr.) Language in the lives and behavior of African people. Dynamics of language spread and multilingualism. Literacy, language, and education. Linguistic ritual; greetings, condolences, apologies, leavetakings. Joking and insulting relationships. Stories and storytellers. Proverbs and their use. Power of language in society.
A503 Bantu Linguistics (3 cr.) Structural comparisons of Bantu languages at levels of phonology, morphology, and syntax, noting differences and similarities of various East African languages.
A504 Chadic Linguistics (3 cr.) R: reading knowledge of French or German. An introduction to the Chadic language family. The relationship of Chadic to Afroasiatic and the membership and internal classification of the Chadic family. Common structural features of present-day Chadic languages and the reconstruction of Proto-Chadic.
A747 Seminar in African Linguistics (4 cr.) Research on specific problems of African linguistics. Course may be repeated for credit.
AFRICAN AND OTHER LANGUAGES
A400 Advanced Individual Study of an African Language (1-4 cr.; 12 cr. max.) May be repeated for credit.
L506 Tutorial Instruction in Foreign Languages (cr. arr.) May be repeated for credit.
C501-C502 Haitian Creole I-II (3-3 cr.)
H101-H102 Elementary Hausa I-II (3-3 cr.)1
H201-H202 Intermediate Hausa I-II (3-3 cr.)
H301-H302 Advanced Hausa I-II (3-3 cr.)
S101-S102 Elementary Swahili I-II (3-3 cr.)1
S201-S202 Intermediate Swahili I-II (3-3 cr.)
S301-S302 Advanced Swahili I-II (3-3 cr.)
Other African Languages
F101-F102 Elementary African Languages I-II: [name of language] (3-3 cr.)1
F201-F202 Intermediate African Languages I-II: [name of language] (3-3 cr.)
F301-F302 Advanced African Languages I-II: [name of language] (3-3 cr.)
Consult the department for courses in other areas acceptable for degree requirements.
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1 Three (3) hours credit for graduate students; 4 hours credit for undergraduates.