The Optometric Oath
With full deliberation I freely and solemnly pledge that:
I will practice the art and science of optometry faithfully and conscientiously, and to the fullest scope of my competence.
I will uphold and honorably promote by example and action the highest standards, ethics and ideals of my chosen profession and the honor of the degree, Doctor of Optometry, which has been granted me.
I will provide professional care for those who seek my services, with concern, with compassion and with due regard for their human rights and dignity.
I will place the treatment of those who seek my care above personal gain and strive to see that none shall lack for proper care.
I will hold as privileged and inviolable all information entrusted to me in confidence by my patients.
I will advise my patients fully and honestly of all which may serve to restore, maintain or enhance their vision and general health.
I will strive continuously to broaden my knowledge and skills so that my patients may benefit from all new and efficacious means to enhance the care of human vision.
I will share information cordially and unselfishly with my fellow optometrists and other professionals for the benefit of patients and the advancement of human knowledge and welfare.
I will do my utmost to serve my community, my country and humankind as a citizen as well as an optometrist. I hereby commit myself to be steadfast in the performance of this my solemn oath and obligation.
As adopted by the American Optometric Association and the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry
Qualified applicants are sought from all racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, and cultural groups in order to enhance the diversity of the class. The ideal candidates for the Doctor of Optometry degree should have demonstrated high scholastic ability, leadership, and a record of community and volunteer service. Applicants are judged on scholastic ability (demonstrated by college grades, admission and aptitude test scores). Written and oral communication skills are extremely important. The applicants' personal characteristics are evaluated through character references, interviews, amount and kind of extracurricular and leadership activities, work experience, and the narrative explaining why they chose optometry as a career.
An admission interview is arranged for those applicants with the greatest potential for success in completing the program. The interview is usually conducted at the School of Optometry.
The IU School of Optometry does not require a bachelor's degree before admission. Students can enter the Doctor of Optometry program with or without a bachelor's degree. Those who enter without a bachelor's degree will receive the Bachelor of Science in Optometry after two years in the professional program.
The regular application period begins on September 1 and ends on February 1. Interviewing begins in October and continues through April. A rolling admissions process is used, and the selection process is usually completed by the end of May. A new class begins each fall.
The School of Optometry also offers an "Early Decision" process for outstanding students hoping to enter with or without a bachelor's degree. In this process students apply before the regular application period begins. The "Early Decision" application period begins on March 1 and ends on August 1.
The early decision admission process offers numerous advantages. If the Indiana University School of Optometry is the school that a talented student wants to attend, then an early decision can eliminate the necessity of application to multiple schools. Knowing the decision in advance gives peace of mind. A student admitted under the early decision procedure will receive regular communication from the school, can be involved in some school activities, and generally stays connected. In addition, an early decision provides more time for students to make financial arrangements to attend the Indiana University School of Optometry. Students seeking admission by this process are evaluated by the criteria listed as follows.
Students can apply after they have completed 40 graded hours of credit with a minimum GPA of 3.60. The application must be completed before September 1 of the year preceding entrance to the School of Optometry. Credits acquired by courses do not count in the 40-hour total. Thus, students can know whether they are accepted as early as the spring of their second year of college.
Admission to the School of Optometry under the early decision process is conditional upon the following:
Students are encouraged to complete a bachelor's degree prior to entering the School of Optometry. Some exceptional students, however, can enter the optometry program after three years of undergraduate work, which can decrease the total years of university study to seven. Early decision is available for these students. These students should have a minimum GPA of 3.7 upon completion of 40 graded hours of credit.
Admission to the School of Optometry under the early admit process is conditional upon the following:
If a student who is conditionally admitted under an early decision plan for acceptance after three years of undergraduate study fails to meet the previous conditions but meets the conditions for acceptance after four years, the student will be accepted after four years.
Applicants for either early decision plan who fail to meet all conditions will be reevaluated by the Committee on Admissions. In such cases the Committee will consider all information and use its discretion in making decisions.
Students applying for an early decision who are not accepted or who do not successfully complete the conditions of the early decision requirements will be considered with the normal pool of applicants. A negative decision on an early decision application in no way jeopardizes a student's chances for admission through the normal admission process.
The Indiana University School of Optometry expects that admitted students will be able to meet all of the functional standards for optometric education established by the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry. These standards require that students possess appropriate abilities in the following areas:
Candidates with questions or concerns about how their own conditions or disabilities might affect their ability to meet the functional standards are encouraged to meet with an optometry school counselor before to submitting an application.
Qualified applicants to the School of Optometry who have disabilities that might hinder them in achieving these standards can, if they are admitted, receive reasonable accommodation from the School of Optometry. This accommodation will be based on an evaluation of the disability conducted by Indiana University's Office of Disability Services for Students.
Each applicant is required to take the Optometry Admission Test (OAT), which is designed to measure general academic ability and scientific knowledge. The test is given at various testing centers across the United States. Information concerning the test is available online at the web site of the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry, www.opted.org, or by contacting the Optometry Admission Testing Program at 211 E. Chicago Avenue, Sixth Floor, Chicago, IL 60611Ž2678; 1-800-232-2159.
Note: Applicants must take the OAT for the first time before the February of the year in which they wish to enter. Applicants must provide OAT scores by February 1.
All applicants whose native language is not English are required to establish English proficiency. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is preferred. For information concerning the TOEFL, write to TOEFL Educational Testing Service, P.O. Box 6151, Princeton, NJ 08541, or visit the TOEFL Web site at www.toefl.org.
Students admitted to the Doctor of Optometry program are required to pay an enrollment deposit of $500. This fee is due as directed in admission letters before the start of the program. If the student enrolls in the IU School of Optometry, the deposit will be applied to the student's tuition. If the student does not enroll, the deposit is not refunded.
A total of 90 semester hours of college credit is required as a minimum for admission to the School of Optometry; however, a bachelor's degree is strongly recommended. Preoptometry requirements must be completed by the time the student enters the School of Optometry. Students who already have a bachelor's degree with a major in a science field are often fully prepared for admission to the School of Optometry. Those with degrees in nonscience fields may find additional course work required. Students must take their preoptometry course work from an accredited institution. Grades lower than a C in any preoptometry requirement will not be accepted. Each course meets just one requirement. All preoptometry requirements must have been completed within 10 years from the time when the student hopes to start the Doctor of Optometry program.
Students entering with a bachelor's degree must have completed the following courses:
Students entering the Indiana University School of Optometry without a bachelor's degree must have completed the following courses in addition to the above:
1 A minimum of two courses is required.
None of the specified courses may be taken on a Pass/Fail basis. The credit hours required in the individual subjects are considered absolute minimums, which must be met or exceeded. If the credit hours in any subject total fewer than the minimum specified, the student should complete the next higher course in that subject. Quarter hours convert to semester hours by the following scale:
3 quarter hours = 2 semester hours
For further information, contact the Office of Student Administration, School of Optometry, Indiana University, 800 E. Atwater Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405-3680; (812) 855-1917; e-mail email@example.com.
The Indiana University School of Optometry admits students with advanced standing only when a vacancy exists and when the student would have met the Indiana University preoptometry requirements and standards for admission had he or she applied here originally. Students may lose credits in transferring, and for this reason, transfer is generally not recommended.
The student must have a minimum cumulative average of B in the optometry curriculum, be in good standing with his or her present institution, and have a compelling reason for wanting to transfer to Indiana University's School of Optometry. No deficiencies in the Indiana University preoptometry requirements may exist at the time of admission.
Candidates for transfer must submit a statement of good standing from the dean of the school from which they are transferring. A regular application for admission should be submitted along with the statement of good standing and other documents specific to the transfer request.
The courses required for this degree are listed in the section of this bulletin entitled "Optometry Curriculum." All of the courses except those identified as electives must be completed. A baccalaureate degree is required prior to receiving the O.D. degree. The curricular requirements for preoptometry are described in the section of this bulletin entitled "Preoptometry Requirements."
Students are responsible for understanding all requirements for graduation and for completing them by the time they expect to graduate.
Students who enter the Doctor of Optometry (O.D.) program without an undergraduate degree will receive the B.S. in Optometry upon successfulcompletion of the first two years of the four-year professional degree program. The following requirements, in addition to the preoptometry requirements and the courses in the first two years of the professional degree program, must be satisfied by the student seeking this degree:
Effective Fall 2006
The curriculum includes instruction in all of the clinical and practical phases of optometry as well as in the theoretical and fundamental aspects of vision science. It requires four years of professional degree courses, including at least a three-week summer assignment before the third year.1 The university schedules two regular academic semesters and two summer sessions. The regular fall semester includes 14 weeks and two days of instruction plus one week for final examinations; the spring semester includes 15 weeks of instruction plus one week for final examinations. Most optometry courses are scheduled for a full academic semester. Some, however, are scheduled for three, six, or eight weeks, and will be scheduled back-to-back with other courses that will be taken in the remaining weeks of the semester.
Fourth-Year Clinical Rotation Academic Prerequisites
(Effective Summer 2007 with Class of 2009)
Completion of V 680, V 745, V 746, V 748, V 749, V 786, V 787, V 788, V 789, with a minimum grade of C- in each course and successful completion of all first-, second-, and third-year lecture and laboratory course work. (Note: Third-year, spring semester midŽterm grades will be submitted to the Office of Student Administration and evaluated prior to finalizing your fourth-year rotation assignments.)
Note: Subject to change.
1 Elementary school vision-screening program assignments will be arranged.
Designated staff members of the School of Optometry's Office of Student Administration serve as advisors to optometry students in the school. Students are required to meet with their advisors before registration to arrange their programs. All students are required to register at the appointed time each semester.
A student is not permitted to enroll in fewer than 12 credit hours during a fall or spring semester except with special permission from the dean.
Withdrawals during the first eight weeks of a semester, first four weeks of a half-semester course, or first two weeks of a summer session are automatically marked W (Withdrawn). Withdrawals that would reduce a student's enrollment below 12 credit hours ordinarily will not be authorized.
Petitions for withdrawal after the periods specified above will not be authorized by the dean except for urgent reasons related to extended illness or equivalent distress. The desire to avoid a low grade is not an acceptable reason for withdrawal from a course.
If a student withdraws with the dean's consent, the grade in the course will be W if the student is passing at the time of withdrawal and F if the student is not passing. The grade will be recorded on the date of withdrawal. Failure to complete a course without authorized withdrawal will result in the grade F.
No course may be added by students after the first two weeks of a semester or first week of a summer session or half semester unless the instructor of the course petitions that an exception be made and the request is approved by the dean.
The quality of a student's work is indicated by the following grades and numerical values:
A student must complete work required to have the Incomplete removed within one calendar year from the date of its recording, although the dean may authorize adjustment of this period in exceptional circumstances. An Incomplete that still stands after one calendar year is replaced by a grade of F.
Once a student has graduated, nothing in these regulations will prohibit the Incomplete from remaining on the record.
Fourth-year rotation grades become official at the time of submission by the rotation preceptor. (Note: Grades for rotations ending mid-semester will be considered official prior to completion of the academic semester and online posting.) Academic standing will be assessed upon receipt of grades from the rotation preceptor at the completion of each fourth-year rotation.
If a student is unable to complete a clinic rotation due to academic performance and/or professional misconduct, a grade of F will be assigned.
Illness is usually the only acceptable excuse for absence from class. Other absences must be explained to the satisfaction of the instructor, who will decide whether omitted work may be made up. The names of students who are excessively absent are to be reported by their instructors to the dean.
A student who fails to attend the final examination of a course and who has a passing grade up to that time may be given a grade of Incomplete if the absence is explained to the instructor's satisfaction. A missed final examination for which there is no satisfactory excuse will be assigned a grade of F. When called upon, the Academic Review Committee of the School of Optometry will assist an instructor in weighing an excuse concerning absence from a final examination.
It is the intent of the School of Optometry that its professional students be able to graduate after four years of instruction (but in six years at the maximum). Although primary responsibility rests with the student, the school will work to help all students maintain good academic standing and will seek out and attempt (within limits) to provide remedial help for students who are having academic difficulties.
The minimum standard for academic good standing is a semester and cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.00; that is, a C average, which is also the minimum standard for graduation from Indiana University and the School of Optometry.
Academic probation results when the semester or cumulative GPA is below 2.00.
If any student is placed on probation, the Academic Review Committee will make recommendations about help and remedial work that will make it possible for the student to achieve better academic performance. A student repeating a course must register for the course a second time. If any course to be repeated is a prerequisite to another course, the other course may not be taken until the prerequisite course is satisfactorily repeated.
At the end of the second year, students are required to pass a competency examination in preparation for the course V 680 Introduction to Clinic. A student who fails the competency examination must complete remediation and take the examination again. If the student fails any part of the competency twice, the student must petition the Academic Review Committee in a timely way for permission to retake it a third time. The chair of competency examinations will then consult with faculty and make a written recommendation to the Academic Review Committee. A student who fails it three times will be ineligible to continue.
If a student receives a grade of less than a C- in any third- or fourth-year clinic rotation, the student must enroll in and complete with a grade of C- or better V 780 Clinical Skills Enhancement (third-year clinic remediation) or V 880 Clinical Skills Enhancement (fourth-year clinic remediation) prior to continuation of the third- or fourth-year clinic rotation.
A student who fails to complete V 780 or V 880 with a grade of C- or better will be ineligible to continue.
If an intern is unable to continue with a clinical rotation for academic or clinical performance reasons, the grade of F will be assigned, and the intern will be ineligible to continue.
Policies and procedures are explained in detail in the most recent Indiana University School of Optometry Eye Care Centers Student Orientation Manual.
A student is ineligible to continue when one or more of the following conditions hold:
These conditions indicate unsatisfactory progress and could result in automatic dismissal.
A student dismissed for the first time may petition the Academic Review Committee for reinstatement without delay. If granted, the student will be expected to attain a minimum GPA of 2.00 in the first semester of reinstatement. A student whose petition has been denied may not petition for reinstatement until the lapse of at least one semester of a regular academic year.
A student who is dismissed for the second time may not petition for reinstatement until the lapse of at least one full academic year. Depending on the circumstances, a dismissed student may be allowed to retake specific courses in which the previous grades were low, but unless officially reinstated to the curriculum, this student may not take courses that represent progress toward the degree. The Academic Review Committee may recommend additional conditions or restrictions to precede reinstatement of a student.
Part I Basic Sciences of the National Board of Examiners in Optometry (NBEO) examination represents the comprehensive assessment of basic and clinical sciences education in optometry. Competency in the basic sciences is a foundational prerequisite and must be demonstrated prior to graduation from the IU School of Optometry. Therefore, students must pass part I before they will be allowed to graduate.
Academic integrity is fundamental to the intellectual life of the university and to the education of each student. The following acts of academic dishonesty are prohibited: cheating, fabrication, plagiarism, interference, and facilitating academic dishonesty. Proven academic misconduct is grounds for dismissal.
Maintaining standards of professional conduct is essential to the integrity of the profession. Professional misconduct is strictly prohibited. This includes dishonest conduct (including, but not limited to, false accusation of misconduct; forgery; alteration or misuse of any university document, record, or identification; and giving to a university official any information known to be false) and use or possession of alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs on university property or during a university activity.
In addition, fraud and patient endangerment and abandonment will be grounds for dismissal. Standards for patient care procedures and for professional behavior in a clinical setting are detailed in the most recent Indiana University School of Optometry Eye Care Centers Student Orientation Manual.
Additional rules and regulations of the university are available in the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Conduct published by Indiana University. It is each student's responsibility to be aware of these regulations. Violation of the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Conduct may result in dismissal.
The charge of the committee is to consider, arbitrate, and adjudicate grading disputes in cases of procedural errors and in cases where evaluation on nonacademic grounds is alleged.
The Academic Fairness Committee is composed of three students and three faculty members, chosen by the dean of the School of Optometry.
Issues dealing with substantive quality of the student's academic performance and involving intrinsic, professional, academic judgments by a faculty member lie outside the Committee's jurisdiction.
The number of credit hours given a course is indicated in parentheses following the course title. The abbreviation "P" refers to the course prerequisite(s). The abbreviation "C" refers to courses that are corequisite(s). Unless otherwise noted, the prerequisites for all courses include enrollment in the School of Optometry and permission of the instructor.
V 501/V 502/V 601/V 602 Integrated Optometry (2 cr. each) This course sequence is offered over four semesters. Overall goal is to provide an integrated perspective of optometry in the paradigm of problem-based learning (PBL). The problems will be clinical cases (four-six cases per semester) which relate to the contents of courses taught contemporaneously in optics, biomedical, and ocular biology modules. Students will meet in small groups to discuss the problems guided by a faculty facilitator.
V 521 Optics I: Geometric and Visual Optics (4 cr.) P: Calculus, Physics P 202, and enrollment in the School of Optometry or permission of instructor. Fundamentals of geometric and physical optics. Optical analysis of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Components of the eyes and their optical properties. Clinical instrumentation for optical measurement and diagnosis of eyes.
V 523 Optics II: Geometric and Visual Optics (4 cr.) P: V 521 or permission of instructor. Continuation of application of the principles of geometrical and physical optics to the optical description and correction of the eye. Schematic optical models of the eye. Measurement of light. Higher-order aberrations and their impact on vision.
V 540 Ocular Biology I (4.5 cr.) Head and neck neuroanatomy related to the normal functioning of the eye and visual system. Detailed anatomy/histology and physiology of the eye and adnexa. Maintenance of optical transparency and intraocular pressure. Phototransduction, retinal physiology, and the basis for the electroretinogram and electro-oculogram.
V 542 Systems Approach to Biomedical Sciences I (SABS-I) (4.5 cr.) This is the first of a three-semester sequence which presents basic science information organized into specific organ systems. The first module will cover common processes: basic biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, fundamentals of physiology, pharmacology, immunology/infection, and oncology. Subsequent modules are organized to discuss the structure, function, pathology and therapy for each organ system. These modules include: cardiovascular/pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, reproductive, neuromuscular-skeletal, endocrine, hematopoietic.
V 543 Systems Approach to Biomedical Sciences II (4 cr.) P: V 542. Continuation of SABS-I.
V 550 Clinical Sciences I (3 cr.) Introduction to clinical history and interview techniques, health history content, and medical record documentation as applied to the optometric setting; optometric and medical terminology, interview techniques for special populations, legal aspects of medical records, differential diagnosis of visual symptoms, introduction to physical assessment, slit lamp biomicroscopy and ophthalmoscopy.
V 551 Clinical Sciences II (4 cr.) P: V 550. Vision examination techniques, ocular diagnostic techniques, and theory and application of vision testing instrumentation, with emphasis on preliminary tests, refractive tests, and the ocular health examination; study of the principles involved in the measurement, epidemiology, and treatment of ametropia, oculomotor imbalances, and associated conditions.
V 560 Vision Science I (Perception) (3.5 cr.) Provides an understanding of how visual performance is determined by the underlying biology of the eye and the brain. Topics include visual pathway, neuroanatomy and physiology, with special emphasis on the roles of receptive of receptive and nureal sampling.
V 569 Selected Studies (elective, cr. arr.) Items of current scientific interest. Consideration given to students' special interests. May include writing of abstracts and reviews of current vision science literature. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.
V 631 Optics III: Ophthalmic and Advanced Clinical Optics (4 cr.) P: V 523 or permission of instructor. Design and application of ophthalmic spectacles and materials. Optics of low vision. Objective refraction, fundus imaging, optics of diseased eyes, wavefront-based treatments.
V 632 Optics IV: Optics of Ophthalmic and Contact Lenses (4 cr.) P: V 631 or permission of instructor. Continuation of design and application of ophthalmic spectacles and materials. Optics of contact lenses.
V 633 Contact Lenses (4 cr.) Theory and practice of contact lenses. General principles of lens materials, design, care; examination, selection, fitting; diagnosis and treatment of lens wear problems; introduction to specialty fitting. Practical laboratory on lens handling, modification, and fitting.
V 642 Systems Approach to Biomedical Sciences III (4.5 cr.) P: V 543 Continuation of SABS-II.
V 644 Ocular Disease/Pharmacology I (4 cr.) P: V 642 A detailed description of the signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and management of ocular disease of the anterior segment integrated with the principles and application of ocular pharmacology.
V 652 Clinical Sciences III (5 cr.) P: V 551. Vision examination techniques, ocular diagnostic techniques, and theory and application of vision testing instrumentation, with emphasis on accommodation tests, binocular vision tests, and advanced ocular health examination; accommodation and vergence test findings as they relate to normal function, subjective symptoms, and performance; theory and case analysis of non-strabismic binocular vision problems.
V 654 Clinical Sciences IV (3.5 cr.) P: V 652 Advanced clinical analysis, procedures, and protocols for examinations of patients in the clinical setting, and comprehensive eye and vision examinations with scheduled patients; patient assessment and plan, patient communication; introduction to clinical ocular disease and protocols.
V 665 Vision Science II: Ocular Motility (2.5 cr.) Characteristics, control, and deficits of the five somatic eye-movement systems (convergence, saccadic version, pursuit version, fixation maintenance, vestibular reflex) and the autonomic systems subserving accommodation and pupillary diameter and reflexes.
V 666 Vision Science III Binocular Vision (4 cr.) P: V 560, V 665. This course is intended to prepare the student to manage the common binocular vision anomalies encountered in primary care optometry. The course will examine the anatomical, physiological, psychophysical, and oculomotor characteristics of normal binocularity in humans. The course will then present diagnosis and management strategies for both non-strabismic and strabismic patients.
V 680 Introduction to Clinic (2.5 cr.) P: V 551, V 553, V 631, V 632, V 633, V 644,V 652, V 654, and a passing score on the Clinical Competency Examination in V 654. Introduction to clinical practice in visual analysis, optometric procedures, case conference; discussion and patient care for three 40-hour weeks during the summer, or the equivalent by arrangement.
V 701 Grand Rounds I (1 cr.) Presentation of cases.
V 702 Grand Rounds II (1 cr.) Presentation of cases.
V 745 Ocular Disease II (3 cr.) P: V 644 A detailed description of the signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and management of ocular disease of the posterior segment; neurological diseases affecting the eye; and application of ocular therapeutics.
V 746 Ocular Disease III (Neuro-Optometry) (2 cr.) P: V 745. A detailed discussion of the signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and management of neurological diseases affecting the eye.
V 748 Principles and Methods of Physical Assessment and Medicine (3.5 cr.) P: V 680.Physical examination with emphasis on HEENT and neurological screening, and their relationship to ocular health conditions and medical management; clinical chemistry and interpretation of clinical laboratory tests; criteria for referral to other providers; principles of CPR and emergency office procedures.
V 749 Ocular Disease IV (Applied Ocular Therapeutics) (3 cr.) P: V 745. The use, in clinical optometric practice, of legend drugs, lasers, and other therapeutic devices in the treatment and management of ocular disease.
V 751 Low Vision Rehabilitation (1.5 cr.) P: V 652 and V 654. Special examinationprocedures and patient management techniques for the visually impaired. Evaluations and prescriptions of optical, nonoptical, and electronic devices. Overview of rehabilitative services.
V 752 Advanced Contact Lens Topics I (2 cr.) P: V 633. Applications of contact lenses. This course covers the fitting and care of patients requiring specialty contact lenses and more difficult cases including, but not limited to, correcting astigmatism, tinted and cosmetic lenses, fitting the presbyopic patient, fitting infants and children, fitting keratoconic patients, fitting postsurgical and other distorted corneas; haptic lenses, cosmetic shells, and prosthetic eyes.
V 754 Optometric Profession (Public Health, Policy, Legal, History and Ethical Issues) (2 cr.) Introduction to the fundamentals and principles of public health; an overview of public and community health problems, planning, and care, with special attention to optometric and other visual aspects of variously identified segments of the community. Includes considerations of quality, efficiency, economics, and regulation of vision and health care delivery and utilization.
V 756 Clinical Assessment I (1 cr.) P: V 680. C: V 745. Introduction to clinical reasoning and formulation of differential diagnostic protocols for investigation of various visual problems.
V 757 Clinical Assessment II (1 cr.) P: V 756. A continuation in the clinical reasoning and formulation of differential diagnostic protocols for investigation of various visual problems.
V 758 Advanced Clinical Concepts in Binocular Vision and Pediatrics (2 cr.) P: V 666, V 781. The goal of this course is to provide the students with advanced knowledge in the areas of binocular vision and pediatrics. Topics covered will include clinical cases involving amyblyopia, strabismus, infants, and vision therapy among others. Classes will be a mixture of case presentations and lecture. Students will have an enhanced understanding of how to diagnose and treat patients with these disorders upon completion of the course.
V 759 Business Aspects of Optometry (2 cr.) The business of optometric practices and career opportunities and aspects of optometry.
V 774 Introduction to Optometric Research (2 cr.) Introduction to epidemiology and biostatistics, principles of epidemiological inquiry and research design, and the application of statistical methods to clinical data.
V 780 Clinical Skills Enhancement-3rd year (2-2.5 cr.) Increased supervision provided by clinical faculty for students having dificulty in areas of clinical performance.
V 781 Pediatric Optometry (3 cr.) Specialized diagnosis and management strategies for the infant and child. Topics to include refractive and binocular vision anomalies, disease, pharmacology and an Optometrist's role in assessment and management of visual perception, learning disabilities and reading problems. Communication with parents, educators and other professionals.
V 786 Optometry Clinic (3 cr.) P: V 680 with a minimum grade of C-. Clinical practice in visual analysis, patient care, and optometric procedures. Case discussion and student evaluation on a daily basis. Patient care includes assisting patients with selection of suitable eye wear.
V 787 Optometry Clinic (3 cr.) P: V 786 with a minimum grade of C-. A continuation of V 786. Clinical practice in visual analysis, patient care, and optometric procedures. Case discussion and student evaluation on a daily basis. Patient care includes assisting patients with selection of suitable eye wear.
V 788 Optometry Clinic (3 cr.) P: V 787 with a minimum grade of C-. Clinical practice in visual analysis, patient care, and optometric procedures. Case discussion and student evaluation on a daily basis, case presentation by student interns. Patient care includes assisting patients with selection of suitable eye wear.
V 789 Optometry Clinic (3 cr.) P: V 788 with a minimum grade of C-. Continuation of V 788. Clinical practice in visual analysis, patient care, and optometric procedures. Case discussion and student evaluation on a daily basis, case presentation by student interns. Patient care includes assisting patients with selection of suitable eye wear.
V 880 Clinical Skills Enhancement-4th year (5-10 cr.) Increased supervision provided by clinical faculty for students having difficulty in areas of clinical performance.
V 884 Optometry Clinic-Arranged (5 cr.) P: V 680, V 786, V 787, V 788, and V 789, as well as successful completion of all lecture and laboratory courses through the third professional year of study. Advanced clinical optometric training with emphasis on optometric specialties such as contact lens care, ocular disease diagnosis/management, binocular vision analysis/therapy, and pediatrics.
V 885 Optometry Clinic (10 cr.)1 P: V 680, V 786, V 787, V 788, and V 789, as well as completion of all lecture and laboratory courses through the third professional year of study. Advanced clinical optometric training with emphasis on optometric specialties such as contact lens care, ocular disease diagnosis/ management, binocular vision analysis/ therapy, and pediatrics.
V 887 Extension Clinic (10 cr.)1 P: V 680, V 786, V 787, V 788, and V 789, as well as completion of all lecture and laboratory courses through the third professional year of study. An intensive, hands-on patient care experience at a large urban optometry clinic in Indianapolis. Includes experience in primary care as well as specialty services.
V 888 External Clinic (10 cr.)1 P: V 680, V 786, V 787, V 788, and V 789, as well as completion of all lecture and laboratory courses through the third professional year of study. An intensive, hands-on patient care experience at an affiliated external clinical site such as a military hospital, Veterans Administration medical facility, or referral eye center.
1 V 885, V 887, and V 888 may be taken in nonsequential order.
The Doctor of Optometry degree is awarded with honors to students who have demonstrated laudatory scholarship in their professional studies. Similarly, the Bachelor of Science in Optometry degree is granted with distinction. The specific honor is noted on the graduate's diploma. The cumulative grade point averages and the corresponding citations are 3.70, with honors; 3.80, with high honors; 3.90, with highest honors. Corresponding levels prevail for the B.S. and B.A. degrees.
Each year, many awards are presented to School of Optometry students. Periodically, students will receive notices regarding eligibility and application deadlines. Inquiries should be directed to the School of Optometry's Office of Student Administration or to the faculty chairperson of the Awards and Honors Committee. It is especially important for students to explore grants, scholarships, or other financial support available from their home states.
The following list describes a representative sample of the awards; it should be noted, however, that the actual list of awards may vary from year to year and that not all awards are automatically presented each year. The awards are listed according to eligibility categories. A complete listing is available at www.opt.indiana.edu.
First-Year O.D. Students
Bell-Duffens Optical, Diversified Ophthalmics, and Walman Optical: Student Indiana Optometric Association Awards
Indiana Affiliate of the American Foundation for Vision Awareness: Jane Hofstetter Award
Third-Year O.D. Students
Dr. and Mrs. Lewis Scott Scholarship
J. Thomas Eade, O.D., Fund
Jack W. Bennett Endowed Scholarship
Jack W. Bennett, O.D., Humanitarian Award
John Hitchcock Memorial Scholarship
Kentucky Optometric Foundation Scholarship
Roger W. Reading Endowed Award
Varilux Student Grant Award
Vision Service Plan Scholarships
Wal-Mart Optical Division Educational Scholarship
Fourth-Year O.D. Students
Alcon Scholarship Award
Beta Sigma Kappa: Silver Medal Award
Brett Swanda, O.D., Scholarship
Corning Low Vision Award
David H. Kolack, O.D., Award
Designs for Vision, Inc.: William Feinbloom Low Vision Award
Dr. Henry Hofstetter Scholarship Award
Essilor of America Award of Excellence
Indiana Chapter of the American Academy of Optometry: John P. Davey Memorial Award and Roy E. Denny Award
Indiana University Optometric Student Association Past President's Award
Jack W. Bennett, O.D., Humanitarian Award
LWW Vision Care New O.D. Scholarship
Marchon Eyewear Practice Management Award
Rigid Gas Permeable Lens Institute Award
Vistakon: Excellence Award
Wal-Mart Optical Division Educational Scholarship
Many state affiliates of the American Foundation for Vision Awareness offer scholarships to students who are residents of that state. In addition to the awards listed here, scholarships, fellowships, and loans are available through the School of Optometry's financial aid administrator.
The principal organizations open to, and governed by, students in the School of Optometry are the following:
American Optometric Student Association, Indiana University School of Optometry Chapter (AOSA)
All optometry students are eligible for membership in the IU chapter of this national organization. This organization serves as a source of information about changes in the field of optometry, provides a variety of learning experiences for students, and represents students in many allied organizations. Through its Board of Trustees, local chapters help to shape national policies on optometric education.
Indiana University Optometric Student Association (IUOSA)
All optometry students are eligible for membership in the IUOSA, which is affiliated with the American Optometric Student Association. The association is active in current student affairs, sponsors social events, and provides suggestions and assistance to the dean and faculty.
Indiana University National Optometric Student Association (NOSA)
The IU membership of NOSA comprises representatives of minority groups among the student body. The local chapter is a student affiliate of the National Optometric Association. The association sponsors an awards ceremony each year and aids the school in a variety of ways.
Beta Sigma Kappa
A chapter of this international honorary optometric society was established at Indiana University in 1983. The organization is open to optometry students with outstanding scholastic achievements and is dedicated to research and exemplary optometric practice.
Student Volunteer Optometric Services to Humanity (SVOSH)
This organization provides eye care to individuals, usually in developing countries, who are otherwise unable to obtain this care for themselves. SVOSH collects and catalogs used eyeglasses, which are then distributed during an eye-care trip to an area of need.
Fellowship of Christian Optometrists
FCO is an organization that promotes, furthers, and maintains Christian fellowship among optometry students. Activities include discussions of current topics of interest led by guest speakers, the establishment of an ongoing eye clinic at an overseas mission, and screening missions to Third World countries.
To apply for federal financial assistance, students need to file the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) between January 1 and March 1 each year. They may also file after March 1, but may not be considered for all the aid possible, depending on funding. Students may file the FAFSA at the Web site www.fafsa.ed. gov.
To be eligible for federal financial aid, a student must:
More information on eligibility requirements, the application process, and specific financial aid programs can be found at the Web site www.indiana.edu/~sfa.
Financing an optometric education can be a long-term investment if a student needs to borrow money. Students must understand the implications of receiving student loans, such as the obligation to repay them with interest once they obtain their degrees. There are several student loan programs available to doctoral optometric students:
There are other sources for loans (along with state and association assistance programs) that students can fully research to obtain funding. Information can be obtained from the American Optometric Association as well as from local and state optometric associations.
Other federal aid programs include Federal Veterans Benefits and Military Health Professions scholarships. In addition, other options include:
Other scholarships and awards through the School of Optometry are listed in the "Student Honors and Awards" section in this bulletin. Applications and information about these programs can be obtained from the Office of Student Administration.
A free search for other scholarships, not from the school, is available on line at www.fastweb.com.
Please contact the School of Optometry's Associate Director of Financial Aid with questions or concerns at School of Optometry, 800 E. Atwater Avenue, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-3680; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for in-person or telephone appointments, which can be scheduled by calling the Office of Student Administration at (812) 855-1917. Information regarding other sources of financial aid is available on the School of Optometry's Web site at www.opt.indiana.edu.