College of Arts and Sciences
(An asterisk [*] denotes associate membership in University Graduate School faculty.)
(See also general University Graduate School requirements.)
Foreign Language/Research-Skill Requirement
Study for these two degrees can be combined for a total of approximately 51 credit hours rather than the 66 credit hours required for the two degrees taken separately. Students must take 21 credit hours in history and philosophy of science, including three core courses (X506, X507, X551, X552, X556, or X706). The course of studies must be planned in consultation with a history and philosophy of science advisor. Students must also complete 30 credit hours of School of Library and Information Science (SLIS) courses, including 9 credit hours minimum from the common core and 9 credit hours minimum from the M.L.S.-specific core for a total of 18 credit hours in addition to SLIS L586, L624, and L596. Admission to each of the two areas of study is approved separately on the same basis as for other applicants not in the dual program.
Fields of Study
Foreign Language/Research-Skill Requirement
Ph.D. Minor in History and Philosophy of Science
X506 Survey of History of Science up to 1750 (3 cr.) Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance, and Enlightenment science.
X507 Survey of History of Science since 1750 (3 cr.) Growth of physical, biological, and social sciences during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Attention will be paid not only to the scientific contents but to the institutional and social context.
X551 Survey of the Philosophy of Science (3 cr.) Science claims to tell us what the world is like, even the part of the world we cannot see, and to explain why things happen the way they do. But these claims are controversial. Examination of competing models of scientific explanation and the ongoing debate over whether scientific theories should or even can be interpreted realistically.
X552 Modern Philosophy of Science (3 cr.) Origin and character of twentieth-century philosophy of science. Examination of the historical development of the philosophy of science-in interaction with parallel developments within the sciences themselves-from 1800 to the early twentieth century.
X556 Philosophy of Science in Antiquity (3 cr.) Historical survey of philosophical discussions of the nature of science, in the premodern period, to include figures such as Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Augustine, and Aquinas.
X706 Special Topics in the History and Philosophy of Science (2-4 cr.) Content and instructors will vary; students may thus receive credit more than once. Admission by consent of instructor or chairperson.
X602 Seminar in Medieval Science (3 cr.) P: X506 or consent of instructor. Selected topics.
X603 Seminar in Renaissance Science (3 cr.) P: X506 or consent of instructor. Selected topics.
X609 Seminar in Modern Science (3 cr.) P: X507 or consent of instructor. Selected topics.
X705 Special Topics in the History of Science (2-5 cr.) Content and instructors will vary; students may thus receive credit more than once. Admission by consent of instructor or chairperson.
X755 Special Topics in the Philosophy of Science (2-5 cr.) Content and instructors will vary; students may thus receive credit more than once. Admission by consent of instructor or chairperson.
X756 Special Topics in the Philosophy of Science (2-5 cr.) Content and instructors will vary; students may thus receive credit more than once. Admission by consent of instructor or chairperson.
X790 Space, Time and Relativity of Theory (3 cr.) Topics in the philosophy of space, time, and space-time. Theory of motion and Zeno's paradoxes; St. Augustine on time; time and becoming; relational versus absolute theories of space and time; Mach's principle; introduction to Einstein's theory of relativity and space-time.
X332 History of Modern Physics (3 cr.) P: PHYS P222 or consent of instructor. Origins and development of the electromagnetic theory of radiation, special relativity, and nonrelativistic quantum theory. Contributions of Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz, Einstein, Planck, Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger.
X791 Philosophical Issues in Quantum Theory (3 cr.) Examination of philosophical problems and challenges raised by quantum theory, with topics including Heisenberg uncertainty relations, nonlocality and EPR paradox, hidden variables, interpretations of quantum theory. No previous knowledge of quantum theory assumed.
X493 Structure and Methods of the Life Sciences (3 cr.)
X508 History of Biology (3 cr.) P: junior standing or consent of instructor. Survey of the important concepts in biology from antiquity to the twentieth century. Emphasis on changes in evolution theory and concepts of development and inheritance. A familiarity with biology is helpful but not necessary.
X632 Seminar: Historical Problems in Evolutionary Biology (3 cr.) P: X325 or X408/X508 or consent of instructor. Historical examination of such topics as pre-Darwinism, Naturphilosophie, Darwin and The Origin of Species, rise of modern systematics, and concepts of race. Content will vary; students may receive credit more than once.
X642 History of Psychology (3 cr.) Explores the scientific, professional, and cultural dimensions of modern psychology, including its emergence as an academic discipline in the late nineteenth century. Focus on interpretive issues raised by recent scholarship.
X654 Seminar: Philosophy of the Social Sciences (4 cr.) P: X552 or consent of instructor. Examination of such topics as objectivity, generality, social laws, role of values in social inquiry, methodological individualism, and relation of the social sciences to psychology, operationism, behaviorism, and other reductivist proposals.
X301 Growth of Scientific Establishment (3 cr.) Development of the modern scientific community from its origins to the twentieth century. Special attention to the impact of the ever-increasing involvement of science in industrial, medical, and military technology.
X645 History of American Science (3 cr.) An historical exploration of the intellectual and institutional development of science in the United States from colonial times to the present. Examines recent scholarship in the history of American science and related historiographical trends and issues.
X670 Science and Gender (3 cr.) The role of science and technology in constructions of masculinity and femininity from 1600 to present. Historical and philosophical analysis of the interaction between science and technology and ideologies of gender. Evaluation of proposals for transforming science.
X671 Topics in the Science of Sex and Gender (3 cr.) P: may vary with topic. Possible topics include history of theories of sexuality, critique of current scientific concepts of sex and gender, philosophical perspectives on sexology, and the history of theories of sex evolution and determination. May be repeated twice for credit with different topic.
Cross-Listed Course in Anthropology
L769 Literature and Science (4 cr.)
Cross-Listed Course in Journalism
Cross-Listed Course in Sociology
A broad range of colloquia and seminars covering the history of medicine from antiquity to modern America are offered on a regular basis.
P350 Logic of Sets (3 cr.)