Doctoral students majoring in education may earn either a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree or a Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree. The Ph.D. is awarded by the University Graduate School. The Ed.D. is awarded by the School of Education. In most program areas the Ph.D. is considered a research-oriented degree, whereas the Ed.D. degree is oriented to the training of practitioners. It should be noted that Ph.D. students are subject both to requirements listed in this bulletin and those listed in the University Graduate School Bulletin.
Application for both degree programs is through the Office of Graduate Studies. Doctoral programs are offered only at the Bloomington campus. Some doctoral course work is offered at Indianapolis, and IUPUI faculty members may serve on doctoral committees.
Doctoral programs are long and complex. At the end of this section is a checklist of important milestones in the program, including required forms and committee meetings. Information about application procedures and admission criteria is found in the section titled Admission to Graduate Programs. Policies and regulations governing all graduate programs in education are found in the section titled Policies Governing Graduate Programs.
Doctoral degree programs are offered in the following major areas of specialization:
The Ph.D. program in counseling psychology is accredited by the American Psychological Association. Graduates of this program are prepared to work as psychologists and administrators in mental health centers, in college counseling centers, and in business and industry; as college faculty members; as private practitioners; and in other positions where counseling psychology competencies are needed.
The doctoral program in counseling psychology includes courses in the following areas: (1) psychological measurement, statistics, and research design; (2) biological, cognitive, affective, social, and individual bases of behavior; (3) course work leading to competence in an area of specialization; and (4) intervention strategies and service delivery systems. The application deadline is January 15 for matriculation in the fall semester.
Ph.D. and Ed.D. programs are offered in curriculum and instruction. These programs prepare students for preschool through grade 12 positions, including posts as curriculum directors and supervisors, although most graduates take positions as college faculty members. Students majoring in curriculum and instruction must complete a number of specified courses. However, there is a great deal of flexibility in the program, depending on the student's needs and interests. As with other doctoral degrees, there is a heavy emphasis on research from both quantitative and non-quantitative perspectives. Students in curriculum and instruction must specialize in one of the following areas:
Art EducationDoctoral students in this program do research in areas related to art education, such as discipline-based curriculum theory (new technologies and art education, multicultural and global art education), community-oriented programming, diversity and gender issues, and education of artistically talented students. Research settings include schools, colleges, museums, and community agencies.
Curriculum StudiesPresently, faculty members and doctoral students in curriculum studies generate scholarship in several fields of study. These include curriculum theory and design, early childhood education, elementary education, secondary education, social studies education, curriculum and cultural studies, curriculum and gender studies, multicultural education, teacher education, critical pedagogy, school reform, and evaluation of educational programs.
Mathematics EducationThis program focuses primarily on the teaching and learning of mathematics in grades K-12, although some work in the teaching of college-level mathematics is also possible. Research in this program area can range from specific curriculum issues to more general topics such as assessment, teacher development, and uses of technology. Applicants to the program are expected to have pre-college teaching experience.
Science EducationThis program can include specialization within an area of science (chemistry, physics, biology, etc.) or general science education. Research in this program ranges from K-12 science education, to teacher development, to theoretical issues.
Special EducationThis program is individualized in that students define three areas of expertise that will determine the focus of their course work. These areas may include disability topics, early intervention, teacher education, nonaversive behavior management, transition from school to work, and school reform. For more information, visit www.indiana.edu/~spced/doctorate.html.
The Ed.D. program in educational leadership prepares students to be administrators and leaders in public and nonpublic schools, special-education service units, state departments of education, national and state professional organizations, and private corporations. Graduates of this program may also be employed as professors and researchers in colleges and universities. Candidates who specifically seek to prepare for university teaching and research positions should consider applying to the Ph.D. in education policy studies with a concentration in educational leadership. (See section on Doctoral Degrees in Education—History, Philosophy, and Policy Studies in Education.)
Educational leadership faculty members have links with state and federal educational agencies and professional associations, as well as with business firms. Because faculty members are active in research, in education policy studies, and in field studies with school districts, they can offer students opportunities to apply theory and knowledge in solving practical problems in their field.
The Ph.D. program in educational psychology offers specializations in human development, learning and instructional psychology, inquiry methodology, educational and psychological measurement and assessment, and school psychology (see separate entry in this section). The goals for all specializations in educational psychology are: (1) to prepare scholars who will broaden the knowledge base in the areas of human development, learning, teaching, research methodology, and school adjustment; (2) to prepare researchers and evaluators in the use of rigorous methods for generating and analyzing both qualitative and quantitative data; and (3) to prepare inquiry-based practitioners who work toward the solution of both individual and social problems as these affect school performance and life functioning.
Educational psychology students learn to approach decision making and problem solving from a data-based orientation, to apply critical and reflective analysis to all knowledge production, and to work toward the overall intellectual and affective betterment of humankind. Graduates of this program secure positions as university faculty members, as psychological and educational researchers, and as program evaluators in research and consulting firms, foundations, public schools, industry, state and federal departments of education, and the military.
Ph.D. and Ed.D. programs are offered in higher education. The Ed.D. program emphasizes acquisition of the skills and knowledge that college and university administrators need to perform effectively in various administrative roles (e.g., student affairs, continuing education, and institutional advancement). The Ph.D. program prepares students for careers in the scholarly study of higher education, institutional research, and teaching.
Two years of professional experience in higher education and a master's degree are prerequisites for admission. An interview with program faculty members is required. Ph.D. students majoring in higher education are encouraged to take a minor outside the School of Education, in such areas as organizational behavior, business administration, public administration, political science, or sociology.
This Ph.D. program consists of three distinct majors—history of education, philosophy of education, and education policy studies. In their goal statements, applicants should indicate their interest in one of the three majors. All three majors are designed to prepare students for professional roles in university teaching and research, as well as in development work and consulting with governmental and nongovernmental agencies.
The major in the history of education emphasizes the history of American education, including elementary, secondary, and higher education; it encourages students to complete supplementary work in programs and departments outside the School of Education, such as in American Studies and History.
The major in philosophy of education may focus on ethics, epistemology, aesthetics, social and political philosophy, foundations of inquiry, feminist philosophy, continental philosophy, and historically important educational thinkers; it requires philosophically relevant work in departments outside the School of Education, such as the Departments of Philosophy, Religious Studies, and History and Philosophy of Science. Applicants to this major should submit with their application a writing sample that demonstrates their skill in philosophical argument, preferably a paper prepared for a relevant course.
The major in education policy studies includes a common core of studies in the concepts and issues of policy study and permits students to select a concentration in international/ comparative education, higher education, or educational leadership (U.S. elementary and secondary education); it requires a minor in a relevant field outside the School of Education, such as economics, public and environmental affairs, or sociology.
Through course work and independent research, students are expected to achieve a command of the literature in the major, to assess the soundness of arguments in that literature, to develop clarity of thinking and writing in the field, and to contribute to its scholarship. Students are given support and encouragement to become involved in the major scholarly organizations in their fields. The program may include relevant opportunities for international travel and study and for practicums in state, national, and international agencies.
The Ph.D. program in instructional systems technology (IST) permits students to build a solid basis in theory and inquiry skills as well as to strengthen their professional competencies in the field of instructional technology. The program's emphasis on research and scholarship is well suited to a career as a professor or researcher at the college level.
There is considerable flexibility in the doctoral curriculum, allowing students to take courses in several areas of specialization leading to professional positions in education, business and industry, government, health professions, and other settings. Areas of specialization include administration of learning resources, computer-based instruction, institutional and organizational change, instructional development, and message design and production.
The Ph.D. and Ed.D. programs in language education have the following objectives: (1) to prepare teachers of literacy, English, English as a second language and English as a foreign language, foreign language, and reading for positions of leadership in the field, particularly in the development of improved instructional procedures and improved curricula in language education; (2) to prepare program directors, instructional supervisors, and curriculum specialists in language areas; (3) to prepare college and university literacy personnel to teach, design, and direct programs for the preparation of teachers of language education; (4) to prepare researchers in language and literacy education; and (5) to prepare specialists in the development of programs and instructional materials in language and literacy education at all levels.
The focus of the program is on research and theory in language education and the development of curricula in those areas.
Applicants require a strong academic record pursuing a program broadly based in the language arts and children's or adolescent literature and two years of teaching (or alternative experience).
Accredited by the American Psychological Association, this Ph.D. program is a specialization within the educational psychology program. Students take course work in cognitive, affective, and behavioral assessment; consultation; professional ethics; the role of the school psychologist; special education; counseling; intervention; and psychology. Practica and an internship are also required.
Graduates of the program are eligible for a broad array of positions, including teaching and research as university faculty members; and clinical and administrative practice as school psychologists or directors of school psychology in public school systems, mental health centers, and state departments of public instruction. Some graduates may become eligible for licensure as psychologists in independent practice. The application deadline for this program is January 15. Matriculation is in the fall semester only.
Students in a doctoral program may declare a double major. A double major requires students to take all of the required course work in both majors. No minor is required, and some required courses outside of the major proper may be double-counted (i.e., research courses—including inquiry linkage courses, foundations courses, and foreign language courses). In some cases it is possible to count courses taken in one major area as part of the other major, but such courses may not be double-counted. Double majoring students must include two representatives from each major on both their advisory and research committees (except Ed.D. double majors), and they must take qualifying examinations in both major areas. Only one dissertation is required. Special forms are available at the Office of Graduate Studies for the appointment of double major advisory and research committees.
The student will select at least one minor subject. The minor must have integrity in its own right and must complement the major. It must be taken outside the major department from among those areas of study listed in this bulletin. The minor field must demonstrate wholeness within itself and contribute to the student's overall doctoral program. An inter-department minor not specifically listed in the bulletin is also possible.
The major fields of doctoral specialization in education listed above are also available as minor areas for other doctoral programs. Students may also minor in any area of study outside of the School of Education that is listed in the University Graduate School Bulletin. In addition, four approved minor area programs are available:
This minor introduces doctoral students to teaching and learning issues in higher education and may include the opportunity for a college teaching internship under the supervision of a university faculty member. As such, the minor prepares students for university teaching positions and for positions that involve the supervision and development of college and university faculty.
The 12 credit hours of course work required for this minor cannot duplicate those taken in the major field, and this minor is not available to students who are majoring in higher education. A listing of the required courses is available in the office of the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies and on the department Web site, www.indiana.edu/~elps.
The development of competencies in methods of quantitative and qualitative inquiry constitutes the main thrust of this minor program. Graduates of a doctoral program with a minor in inquiry may qualify for positions as faculty members in colleges or universities or as researchers or evaluators in foundations, public school systems, industry, or consulting firms.
Students minoring in inquiry methodology may not use courses in their minor that have been counted elsewhere in their program of studies. Questions about this minor should be addressed to the chair of the Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology.
This minor provides an international perspective on doctoral students' learning about education. It introduces students to educational issues that are of importance in the international community and provides the opportunity for students to conduct comparative research within their own fields of study.
The 12 credit hours of course work required for this minor cannot duplicate those taken in the major field. A listing of the required courses is available in the office of the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies.
This minor introduces students to the use of sociological and anthropological research in the study of education. It encompasses the intellectual foundations of these social sciences, the educational theories and findings of scholars in these disciplines, and the research methodologies of these disciplines that are relevant to educational research.
The 12 credit hours of course work required for this minor cannot duplicate those taken in the major field. A listing of the required courses is available in the office of the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies.
There are two configurations for doctoral programs in education at Indiana University: a 90 credit hour post-bachelor's Ph.D. or Ed.D. program (the "90 credit hour program"), and a 60 credit hour post-master's Ed.D. program (the "60 credit hour program"). At present, the 60 credit hour program is available in curriculum and instruction, higher education, and educational leadership.
For the 90 credit hour program, credit hours earned in master's or specialist degree programs may be included in the doctoral program, as long as they meet course currency requirements and are relevant to the student's doctoral areas of focus. Sixty (60) credit hours (including 12 dissertation credit hours) in the 90 credit hour program must be taken at the Bloomington or Indianapolis campus of Indiana University.
For the 60 credit hour program, a master's degree is a prerequisite for admission. Master's course work may not be counted toward the 60 required credit hours, but graduate course work beyond the master's degree may be, as long as it meets requirements for currency and relevance. In this program, 42 credit hours must be taken at IUB or IUPUI.
All course work, except dissertation and internship credits, must be completed within seven years of matriculation in the 90 credit hour program, and within five years in the 60 credit hour program. If there is a two-year lapse in enrollment, the student's program will be terminated, and the student must apply for readmission to the program. See the section titled Policies Governing Graduate Programs for regulations governing all graduate programs in the School of Education, including course revalidation, residency, GPA requirements, transfer of credit, and semester load.
During the first semester in the program, each doctoral student will be advised by the program head or department chair, or will be assigned a temporary faculty advisor. Before the end of the first year in the program, each student must submit in writing to the Office of Graduate Studies a form that lists the formally appointed advisory committee and the student's program of studies.
The advisory committee consists of at least three faculty members. Two must be from the major area of study and one from the minor area. The committee chair, who becomes the student's primary advisor, must be a regular faculty member in the major area of specialization. For interdisciplinary minors, the minor representative must be from outside the major. At least two of the faculty members on each doctoral advisory committee must be regular faculty members; one may be an adjunct or part-time faculty member. For Ph.D. advisory committees, two members, including the chair, must be members of the University Graduate School faculty.
Program requirements fall into several component categories, which are explained below. The student and the advisory committee chair play the primary roles in planning the program of studies. An advisory committee meeting is required, at which time all committee members review the program of studies for approval. The program of studies must then be approved by the department chair and the associate dean for graduate studies. If a completed program of studies form is not submitted within one year of matriculation, enrollment will be discontinued. See the section titled Policies Governing Graduate Programs for information about the transfer of credit hours from other colleges and universities.
Doctoral students are expected to generate questions about educational phenomena. They must be curious about how things are and how they became as they are. They must learn to identify assumptions made in posing questions and in drawing conclusions, as well as to judge the consistency and logic of arguments. They are required to question their own assumptions about what is right and what is wrong in educational practice. They must learn to evaluate educational programs and to inquire into the effects and effectiveness of educational practices. They must come to view the world from multiple perspectives in understanding the nature of reality. They must learn to generate hypotheses about educational phenomena and about relationships among educational variables, and to speculate about causal relationships. In addition, they must learn to test these hypotheses in a trustworthy manner. As such, inquiry training is to be included in all components of doctoral training.
90 Credit Hour Program.This component requires a minimum of 9 credit hours. Many doctoral programs in the school require 12 or 15 credit hours of inquiry core course work. The inquiry core includes a survey course in research methodologies (e.g., Y520) and beginning courses in statistics, measurement, program evaluation, or in ethnographic, qualitative, quantitative, and historical research methods. Inquiry core courses are to lay a rudimentary methodological foundation for applied inquiry courses in the major, and for dissertation research. A list of approved inquiry core courses is available in the Office of Graduate Studies.
60 Credit Hour Program. This component requires a minimum of 9 credit hours of inquiry core course work.
90 Credit Hour Program.A major consisting of a minimum of 36 credit hours of course work in the selected field of specialization is required. There is substantial flexibility in the major. Courses from related areas of study may be included in the major component if their relevance to the major can be demonstrated and if committee approval can be secured.
In addition to the inquiry core course work, 6 credit hours of inquiry course work are required in the major. One of these inquiry courses must be an early inquiry experience, during which a student carries out an actual research project, including the collection and analysis of data to answer a research question, and the writing of a research manuscript. This research is to be prior to the dissertation and not a direct part of the dissertation research. The early inquiry experience may be implemented through an independent study course (e.g., a 590 course), through a master's thesis (a 599 course), or through a departmental research seminar. Each student must carry out an independent research project. The research manuscript that results from this study must be read and approved by the student's advisory committee. A form for this purpose is available in the Office of Graduate Studies.
The second of the two major area inquiry courses is an inquiry linkage course. This is a course in which research relevant to the major field of specialization is studied. Such study, however, focuses more on the research design and methodology of research in the major area than on the findings of the research. Analyzing and critiquing the research methodology are of primary importance in this experience. Each department has a research seminar or a specialized research methodology course for this purpose. The inquiry core courses normally should be completed prior to taking inquiry courses in the major.
60 Credit Hour Program. The major must consist of a minimum of 27 credit hours, of which 3 credit hours are to be in an inquiry linkage course. (No early inquiry experience course is required in the 60 credit hour program.)
90 Credit Hour Program. The minor requires a minimum of 12 credit hours of course work taken in an area of studies outside of the major. The minor must complement the major. The committee member representing the minor field must approve the selection of courses in the minor area. An interdepartmental (interdisciplinary) minor is also possible. In this case the student must submit a written description of the theme of the minor, an explanation of the contribution of each course to that theme, and a rationale for the selection of the minor representative.
60 Credit Hour Program. The minor requirement is 9 credit hours.
90 Credit Hour Program. The electives category is designated to allow students freedom in course selection. This is also the place to put foundations courses. Each program area has specified courses in foundations, substantive core perspective, or other areas outside the major and minor, which are required for breadth. Courses that may fall into this category are those needed to meet the doctoral program requirement for 27 credit hours outside of the major program area. (This ordinarily includes the 12 credit hours of minor course work, and the 9 or more credit hours of inquiry core courses.)
90 Credit Hour Program. The dissertation (799) requires 12 credit hours. In addition, 3 credit hours of dissertation proposal preparation are required. Each doctoral program area has a 795 Dissertation Proposal Preparation course, which is generally used for this purpose, either on an individual basis or as a departmental seminar.
60 Credit Hour Program. The dissertation requires 6 credit hours of 799 and 3 credit hours of 795. The focus of the dissertation in the 60 credit hour program is on data collection and analysis for the purpose of answering practical questions in the field. Descriptive research, program evaluation, needs assessment, case study, campus audit, and survey research are examples of the kinds of research studies expected.
Prior to beginning a doctoral dissertation and at or near the time of completion of all course work, all doctoral students in the School of Education must pass a qualifying examination in their major areas of study. In effect, this examination process is intended to determine if a student is qualified to begin work on a doctoral dissertation.
A minor area qualifying examination is also required for all education majors who are minoring in another education program area. Students whose minor is outside of education may or may not have to take a minor examination, depending on the policy of the minor department. Students with interdepartmental minors must take a minor qualifying examination if their minor member is an education faculty member or if the majority of their minor course work is in education. Doctoral students whose major is outside of education, and who are minoring in education, may or may not be required to take qualifying examinations, depending on the judgment of the minor representative.
Departments and programs determine the specific form of qualifying examination their students will take and establish the times at which examinations will be administered. Students need to file an application with their major and minor departments in the School of Education to take their qualifying examinations. Such application forms are available in departmental offices.
All qualifying examinations contain written and oral components. The written component will take one of three forms: a proctored examination, a take-home examination, or a portfolio.
Students are not required to register for the semester they are taking qualifying exams (see section on maintaining active student status).
After all portions of the written component of the qualifying examinations are taken, an oral examination must be held. The primary purpose of this examination is for the advisory committee to review the answers to the written qualifying examination questions, to request elaboration or clarification to questions that were poorly or incompletely answered, and to quiz the student in-depth over any or all of the examination material. The date of passing the oral qualifying examination is a critical date. The seven years for course currency are counted backward from this date, and the seven years for completion of the dissertation are counted forward from this date. (See Seven-Year Rule in the section titled The Dissertation below.)
Students who fail some or all portions of the qualifying examinations may be allowed to retake these portions. This decision is made by the student's advisory committee and the department chair, and is based on the student's overall program performance and the extent of the deficits on the qualifying examinations. Only one retake of the qualifying examinations is allowed.
In order to be eligible to take the qualifying examinations a student must have:
It is the responsibility of the advisory committee, either before or during the oral examination, to review all aspects of the student's doctoral program work, to assess the student's development as a scholar and a professional educator, and, if appropriate, to discuss topics for dissertation research and career goals. Thus, the committee is expected to assess the student's progress in the doctoral program, inventory the work remaining, plan program requirements to ensure a good fit to career goals, and offer criticism, advice, and encouragement.
Review of all scholarly work produced by the student is an integral component of this program review. It is the responsibility of the advisory committee, and especially of the committee chair, to examine all major scholarly works produced by the student during the program of studies. These works include the research manuscript that resulted from the early inquiry experience study, papers presented at conferences or published, and scholarly works produced in courses taught throughout the program of studies. (These may include literature reviews, position papers, curriculum development projects, program evaluation studies, measurement instrument construction studies, needs assessments, library research studies, and data-based research.) Some doctoral programs have lists and descriptions of the types of scholarly products expected of their students prior to nomination to candidacy.
When the advisory committee is satisfied with the student's performance in the written and oral qualifying examinations and with the student's overall progress in the doctoral program, the student is nominated to candidacy.
Admission to candidacy is awarded after the student has been nominated to candidacy and after all required course work has been completed. Considerable time may sometimes elapse between nomination to candidacy and admission to candidacy, due to incomplete course work or old course work requiring revalidation.
Maintaining Active Student Status
After passing qualifying examinations, doctoral students must register for at least 1 credit hour each semester (not summer session) in order to maintain active student status. This is ordinarily done by enrolling in 1 or more credit hours of dissertation credit (799). After 90 credit hours of program course work have been taken and students have been admitted to candidacy (i.e., all but the dissertation hours have been completed and qualifying examinations have been passed), students may enroll in G901 Advanced Research in order to maintain active status. G901 is a 6 credit hour course, with a fee of $150 (subject to change). This is an inexpensive way for students with graduate assistantships to maintain a full load. However, enrollment in G901 is limited to six semesters, and it is not offered in summer sessions.
In-absentia registration for 799 is available for doctoral students who reside more than 25 miles from the Bloomington campus. These students must request class permission from their department for the appropriate off-campus section of 799. G901 does not have mandatory campus-based fees associated with it. Students must request class permission for G901 from the Office of Graduate Studies, Education 4210, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405-1006, (812) 856-8504. Students who fail to register each semester after passing qualifying examinations must back-enroll for all semesters missed, in order to graduate. There is a charge of $275 per semester for back-enrollment in addition to tuition and fees.
The dissertation must be completed within seven years of passing the oral qualifying examination. At this time, doctoral candidacy is terminated for students who have not completed the dissertation. Such students may apply for readmission. This process is initiated with a letter to the associate dean for graduate studies requesting readmission. Students applying for readmission are subject to current admission criteria. If readmitted, such students must retake the current qualifying examinations and fulfill other conditions imposed by the department in order to establish currency (such as taking or auditing selected courses). If the qualifying examinations are passed and the other conditions are met, these students are readmitted to candidacy. They have three years from this date to complete a dissertation.
After admission to candidacy, the student must assemble a research committee. The doctoral research committee has the responsibility to guide the student through the dissertation process and to conduct the final oral defense.
Ph.D. Each research committee must have at least four members. Two must be from the student's major area of study and one from the minor. For an interdepartmental minor, the minor member must be from outside the major area. If the minor is not pertinent to the topic of the dissertation, the student may petition to substitute another member from outside the major area. (The committee chair must be a faculty member in the student's major area.) Usually, the committee chair is also the dissertation director. However, it is acceptable for another committee member with particular expertise in the area of study to direct the dissertation. A form for the appointment of the doctoral research committee is available in the Office of Graduate Studies. All members of Ph.D. research committees must be members of the University Graduate School faculty. The committee chair and the dissertation director must be full members of the University Graduate School faculty. If an associate or affiliate member of the University Graduate School faculty has special expertise in the area of the student's research, the research committee chair and the associate dean for graduate studies may petition the University Graduate School to allow the associate or affiliate faculty member to direct the student's dissertation.
Ed.D. For 90 credit hour and 60 credit hour Ed.D. programs, research committees must have at least three members. Two of these must be from the major field of study, of whom one must be a tenure-line faculty from the core campus. The third member cannot be from the major field of study. One member may be from the faculty of a campus of Indiana University outside the core campus. At least two of the committee members must be tenure-line faculty members. The committee chair must be an associate or full professor in the student's major area of study. The dissertation director must be a full or associate member of the University Graduate School faculty.
In some instances it is possible to include a committee member who is not an Indiana University faculty member, such as a faculty member at another university, on a doctoral committee. To receive approval for such a substitution two conditions must be met: (1) the substitute member must have special expertise not available among University Graduate School faculty, either in the substantive area of the study or in the research methodology, and (2) the substitute member must supply evidence of published research.
A copy of the Human Subjects Committee approval must be submitted with the Research Committee form. You can find the Human Subjects forms on the Web at www.indiana.edu/~educate/humsubj.html. For further information on the Human Subjects approval process, please see the section entitled Use of Human Subjects below.
The procedure for selecting a research committee chair and research committee members varies considerably from student to student. Ideally, the research question that becomes the focus of the dissertation study stems naturally from research experiences, course work, or graduate assistantship assignments that the student has had during the program of studies. Ideally, each student has, by this time in the program, formed a mentoring relationship with one or more program faculty members. Often the advisory committee chair is the student's mentor and becomes the research committee chair. In such a case, the student and chair typically have had discussions about tentative dissertation topics prior to admission to candidacy and prior to the selection of other research committee members. Sometimes the student selects a research topic that is an extension of research being carried out by the mentor.
It is not required that the advisory committee chair be asked to chair the research committee, nor that the advisory committee chair agree to chair the research committee, if asked. Ultimately, the choice of a research chair involves a combination of personal compatibility and compatibility of the research interests of the student and the chair. The student and the committee chair typically confer regarding the selection of other research committee members.
A one- to two-page dissertation prospectus/ summary must be submitted with the Nomination of Research Committee form. This prospectus/summary should include a clear statement of the questions to be addressed in the study, an outline of the design of the study, the research methods to be used, and a discussion of the contribution of the study to theory and/or to practice. The prospectus/ summary should play an important role in the selection of a research committee. This document allows prospective members to decide whether to participate in the study, based on the area of focus and the integrity of the prospectus. It is generally unwise for faculty members to make a commitment to serve on a student's research committee before a written prospectus/summary is presented for examination.
After submitting the prospectus/summary, students are next required to submit a dissertation proposal, a document that is considerably more detailed than the prospectus/ summary. The proposal should contain the following elements: a statement of purpose, rationale, literature review, research questions, proposed procedures, the source of data, methods of data collection, methods of data analysis or data reduction, and the contribution of the study to theory and/or to practice. Frequently, students are advised by their research committee to write a draft of the first three chapters of the dissertation (purpose and rationale, literature review, and method) as their research proposal.
A meeting of the research committee must be held to discuss and approve the dissertation proposal. A dissertation proposal approval form is available in the Office of Graduate Studies. When committee approval has been secured, the form must be filed with the Office of Graduate Studies. If the proposed research has changed since submission of the Nomination of Research Committee form, then a new two-page summary must be attached to the Dissertation Proposal Form.
If the proposed research involves the use of human subjects, a research review form for the use of human subjects must be completed. This form must be approved by the Campus Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects before the data collection begins. Prior to applying for human subjects approval and before the research review form for the use of human subjects can be reviewed, students will need to document that they have been trained to involve humans in research by passing the IU test for using humans in research. The tutorial and test can be found at www.iupui.edu/~resgrad/Human%20Subjects/HumanSubjectsCourse.html. Proof of having passed the test must accompany the application at the time of submission. Failure to provide proof with the application will delay the review until the following month. This applies to all submissions (new, continuation, and/or amendment) regardless of funding or rank of the primary investigator, sponsor, and co-investigators.
In Bloomington students should contact the School of Education human subjects compliance specialist, Mr. Carthell Everett, in Education 2206, before beginning the process for human subjects approval at (812) 856-8020 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
In Indianapolis students should contact the Office of Research Risk Administration at 317-274-8289. The research review form for the use of human subjects can be viewed and downloaded from the Web at www.iupui.edu/~resgrad/spon/download2.htm.
A Guide to the Preparation of Theses and Dissertations is available in the Office of Graduate Studies and in the Office of the University Graduate School. This document contains detailed instructions for the preparation and submission of the dissertation manuscript. The guide can be viewed at www.graduate.indiana.edu/thesisGuide.php.
An oral public examination is scheduled at the completion of the dissertation research, after the dissertation manuscript is complete, allowing the student to defend the dissertation research. This examination may not be scheduled less than six months subsequent to the date of research committee approval. Committee members must receive a copy of the dissertation manuscript two weeks prior to the final oral.
For both Ph.D. and Ed.D. students, an announcement of the final defense examination must be submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies one month prior to the examination. Ph.D. students must also deliver a copy of the announcement to the University Graduate School. The announcement should be on one page and must contain the following: the date, the time and place of the examination, the title of the dissertation, the name of the author, the department or program area, the summary of the study, an invitation for all faculty to attend, and the signature of the research committee chair. The summary should be from 150 to 300 words in length and must include a statement of the problem, research procedures, findings, and conclusions. A sample of the desired format is available in the office of the University Graduate School and in the Office of Graduate Studies in Bloomington.
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